Debian Science Project
Summary
Astronomy
Debian Science Astronomy packages

This metapackage will install Debian Science packages related to Astronomy. You might also be interested in field::astronomy debtag and, depending on your focus, in the education-astronomy metapackage.

The list to the right includes various software projects which are of some interest to the Debian Science Project. Currently, only a few of them are available as Debian packages. It is our goal, however, to include all software in Debian Science which can sensibly add to a high quality Debian Pure Blend.

For a better overview of the project's availability as a Debian package, each head row has a color code according to this scheme:

If you discover a project which looks like a good candidate for Debian Science to you, or if you have prepared an unofficial Debian package, please do not hesitate to send a description of that project to the Debian Science mailing list

Links to other tasks

Debian Science Astronomy packages

Official Debian packages with high relevance

Astronomical-almanac
astronomical almanac - calculate planet and star positions
Maintainer: Thorsten Alteholz
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The aa program computes the orbital positions of planetary bodies and performs rigorous coordinate reductions to apparent geocentric and topocentric place (local altitude and azimuth). It also reduces star catalogue positions given in either the FK4 or FK5 system. Data for the 57 navigational stars is included. Most of the algorithms employed are from The Astronomical Almanac (AA) published by the U.S. Government Printing Office.

The aa program follows the rigorous algorithms for reduction of celestial coordinates exactly as laid out in current editions of the Astronomical Almanac. The reduction to apparent geocentric place has been checked by a special version of the program (aa200) that takes planetary positions directly from the Jet Propulsion Laboratory DE200 numerical integration of the solar system. The results agree exactly with the Astronomical Almanac tables from 1987 onward (earlier Almanacs used slightly different reduction methods).

Certain computations, such as the correction for nutation, are not given explicitly in the AA but are referenced there. In these cases the program performs the full computations that are used to construct the Almanac tables (references are provided).

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Boinc-app-milkyway
Milkyway@home application for the BOINC client
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The goal of Milkyway@Home is to use the BOINC platform to harness volunteered computing resources in creating a highly accurate three dimensional model of the Milky Way galaxy using data gathered by the Sloan Digital Sky Survey. This project enables research in both astroinformatics and computer science.

In computer science, the project is investigating different optimization methods which are resilient to the fault-prone, heterogeneous and asynchronous nature of Internet computing; such as evolutionary and genetic algorithms, as well as asynchronous newton methods. While in astroinformatics, Milkyway@Home is generating highly accurate three dimensional models of the Sagittarius stream, which provides knowledge about how the Milky Way galaxy was formed and how tidal tails are created when galaxies merge.

This package contains the Milkyway@home application for the BOINC distributed computing platform. Note that this package has been primarily created for users of architectures for which Milkyway@home does not provide its application. If your architecture is x86 or AMD64 the BOINC client automatically downloads the latest Milkyway@home application if you participate in this project. There is no need to install this package then.

Boinc-app-seti
SETI@home application for the BOINC client
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SETI@home is a distributed computing project using Internet-connected computers for the Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence (SETI). It searches for possible evidence of extraterrestrial intelligence in radio transmissions collected by the Arecibo radio telescope.

This package contains the SETI@home Enhanced application for the BOINC distributed computing platform. The BOINC client downloads the radio data which the SETI@home application analyzes looking for signals of extraterrestrial origin. Results are then send back to the SETI@home server by the BOINC client.

Note that this package has been primarily created for users of architectures for which SETI@home does not provide its application. If your architecture is x86 or AMD64 the BOINC client automatically downloads the latest SETI@home application if you participate in this project. There is no need to install this package then, except for it to take all technical hurdles from you to have your very custom SETI patch or new compiler flags evaluated. The configuration of BOINC to find the local SETI binary is all performed by the package.

This package only provides command line application. The boinc-app-seti-graphics package provides graphic application.

Celestia
real-time visual space simulation
Maintainer: Guus Sliepen (YunQiang Su)
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Celestia is a free 3D astronomy program. Based on the Hipparcos Catalogue, it allows users to display objects ranging in scale from artificial satellites to entire galaxies in three dimensions using OpenGL. Unlike most planetarium software, the user is free to travel about the Universe.

This is a dummy package that selects at least one frontend for Celestia.

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Eso-midas
European Southern Observatory Munich Image Data Analysis System
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The ESO-MIDAS system provides general tools for image processing and data reduction with emphasis on astronomical applications including imaging and special reduction packages for ESO instrumentation at La Silla and the VLT at Paranal. In addition it contains applications packages for stellar and surface photometry, image sharpening and decomposition, statistics and various others.

Esorex
Execution Tool for European Southern Observatory pipelines
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EsoRex is the European Southern Observatory (ESO) Recipe Execution Tool. It can list, configure and execute CPL-based recipes from the command line.

The Common Pipeline Library (CPL) comprises a set of ISO-C libraries that provide a comprehensive, efficient and robust software toolkit. It forms a basis for the creation of automated astronomical data-reduction tasks.

One of the features provided by the CPL is the ability to create data-reduction algorithms that run as plugins (dynamic libraries). These are called "recipes" and are one of the main aspects of the CPL data-reduction development environment.

Fitscheck
transitional package for pyfits-utils
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FITS (Flexible Image Transport System) is a data format most used in astronomy. PyFITS is a Python module for reading, writing, and manipulating FITS files. The module uses Python's object-oriented features to provide quick, easy, and efficient access to FITS files. The use of Python's array syntax enables immediate access to any FITS extension, header cards, or data items.

This is a dummy transitional package for pyfits-utils and can be safely removed after the installation is complete.

Fitsverify
FITS File Format-Verification Tool
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Fitsverify is a computer program that rigorously checks whether a FITS (Flexible Image Transport System) data file conforms to all the requirements defined in Version 3.0 of the FITS Standard document.

Ftools-fv
Tool for viewing and editing FITS format files
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Fv provides a graphical user interface to data stored in FITS (Flexible Image Transport System) files. Local files can be created, viewed and edited, files on the internet can be opened read-only through the http and ftp protocols. Through the POWplot program, FITS data can be visualized in a large variety of styles. An interface to the SkyView online database allows for searching, downloading, and plotting of images and object lists for a region of the sky.

Funtools
Minimal buy-in FITS utility package
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Funtools, is a "minimal buy-in" FITS library and utility package developed at the High Energy Astrophysics Division of SAO. The Funtools library provides simplified access to a wide array of file types: standard astronomical FITS images and binary tables, raw arrays and binary event lists, and even tables of ASCII column data. A sophisticated region filtering library (compatible with ds9) filters images and tables using boolean operations between geometric shapes, support world coordinates, etc. Funtools also supports advanced capabilities such as optimized data searching using index files.

This package contains the tools.

Gcx
astronomical image processing and photometry gtk+ application
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Gcx is an astronomical image processing and data reduction tool, with an easy to use graphical user interface. It provides a complete set of data reduction functions for CCD photometry, with frame WCS fitting, automatic star identification, aperture photometry of target and standard stars, single-frame ensemble photometry solution finding, multi-frame color coefficient fitting, extinction coefficient fitting, and all-sky photometry; as well as general-purpose astronomical image processing functions (bias, dark, flat, frame alignment and stacking); It can function as a FITS viewer.

The program can control CCD cameras and telescopes, and implement automatic observation scripting. Cameras are controlled through a hardware-specific server, to which gcx connects through a TCP socket. It generates FITS files with comprehensive header information.

Gpredict
Satellite tracking program
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Gpredict is a real time satellite tracking program for GNOME, based on the tracking engine of John Magliacane's excellent satellite tracker Predict.

Gpredict includes the following features:

  • Tracking an infinite number of satellites limited only by the physical memory and processing power of the computer.
  • Display the tracking data in lists, maps, polar plots or any combination of these.
  • You can have many modules open at the same time, either in a notebook or in their own windows. The module can also run in full-screen mode.
  • You can use many ground stations. Ground station coordinates can be entered manually or you can get some approximate values from a list with more than 2000 predefined locations worldwide.
  • Predict upcoming passes for satellites, including passes where a satellite may be visible and communication windows open.
  • Very detailed information about both the real time data and the predicted passes.
  • Gpredict can run in real-time, simulated real-time (fast forward and backward), and manual time control.
  • Doppler tuning of radios via Hamlib rigctld.
  • Antenna rotator control via Hamlib rotctld.
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Gyoto
General relativistic ray-tracing
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Gyoto is a framework for computing geodesics in curved space-times. The gyoto utility program uses this framework to compute images of astronomical objects in the vicinity of compact objects (e.g. black-holes). Such images are distorted by strong gravitational lensing. The gyoto program takes a scenery description in XML format, computes this scenery using relativistic ray-tracing, and saves the result in FITS format.

More complex uses of the Gyoto framework can be achieved using the yorick-gyoto package. Gyoto can be extended with plug-ins (see libgyoto2-dev).

Please cite: F. H. Vincent, T. Paumard, E. Gourgoulhon and G. Perrin: GYOTO: a new general relativistic ray-tracing code. (eprint) Classical and Quantum Gravity 28:225011 (2011)
Kstars
desktop planetarium for KDE
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KStars is a desktop planetarium for KDE, depicting an accurate graphical simulation of the night sky, from any location on Earth, at any date and time. The display includes 130,000 stars, 13,000 deep-sky objects, all 8 planets, the Sun and Moon, and thousands of comets and asteroids. It includes tools for astronomical calculations and can control telescopes and cameras.

This package is part of the KDE education module.

The package is enhanced by the following packages: kstars-data-extra-tycho2
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Lightspeed
Shows how objects moving at relativistic speeds look like
Maintainer: Debian QA Group (Boris Pek)
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Light Speed! is an OpenGL-based program which illustrates the effects of special relativity on the appearance of moving objects. When an object accelerates past a few million meters per second, these effects begin to grow noticeable, becoming more and more pronounced as the speed of light is approached. These relativistic effects are viewpoint-dependent, and include shifts in length, object hue, brightness and shape.

The moving object is, by default, a geometric lattice. 3D Studio and LightWave 3D objects may be imported as well. Best of all, the simulator is completely interactive, rendering the exotic distortions in real-time!

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Lynkeos.app
GNUstep app for processing planetary astronomical images
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Lynkeos is an application dedicated to the processing of astronomical (mainly planetary) images taken with a webcam through a telescope. By stacking the best images, the signal to noise ratio is increased and details lost in the noise of individual images become visible in the resulting image.

Openuniverse
3D Universe Simulator
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OpenUniverse (OU for short) is a fun, fast and free OpenGL space simulator. It currently focuses on the Solar System and lets you visit all of its planets, most major moons and a vast collection of smaller bodies in colorful, glorious and realtime 3D. If you've ever had a chance to visit Mercury or asteroid Geographos, here you'll find them looking exactly the same way, following exactly the same path as when you've left them.

Notice that OpenUniverse is not actively being maintained anymore and that users are recommended to use Celestia instead.

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1.0beta3.1+dfsg-1+b2http://screenshots.debian.net/screenshots/o/openuniverse/6910_large.png
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Predict
Satellite Tracking Program with Optional Voice Output
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This is a satellite tracking program. It is probably mostly of interest to users of amateur satellites, but includes support for optionally announcing azimuth and elevation to help in manual antenna pointing, or optical observation of satellites.

The upstream predict sources include a front-end called 'map', which is called predict-map in the Debian package.

The 'ntp' package is suggested because accurate satellite tracking depends on precise knowledge of ground station time and location.

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Python-astropy
Core functionality for performing astrophysics with Python
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The astropy package contains core functionality and some common tools needed for performing astronomy and astrophysics research with Python. It is expected to be extended by a number of "affiliated packages" that are intended to work with the core package.

The current release is a developer preview.

Python-cpl
Control pipeline recipes from the European Southern Observatory
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This module can list, configure and execute CPL-based recipes from Python. The input, calibration and output data can be specified as FITS files or as pyfits objects in memory.

The Common Pipeline Library (CPL) comprises a set of ISO-C libraries that provide a comprehensive, efficient and robust software toolkit. It forms a basis for the creation of automated astronomical data-reduction tasks.

One of the features provided by the CPL is the ability to create data-reduction algorithms that run as plugins (dynamic libraries). These are called "recipes" and are one of the main aspects of the CPL data-reduction development environment.

Python-pyds9
Communication with the ds9 image display program
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The XPA messaging system provides seamless communication between many kinds of Unix programs, including Tcl/Tk programs such as ds9. The pyds9 module uses a Python interface to XPA to communicate with ds9. It supports communication with all of ds9’s XPA access points.

Python-pyfits
Python module for reading, writing, and manipulating FITS files
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FITS (Flexible Image Transport System) is a data format most used in astronomy. PyFITS is a Python module for reading, writing, and manipulating FITS files. The module uses Python's object-oriented features to provide quick, easy, and efficient access to FITS files. The use of Python's array syntax enables immediate access to any FITS extension, header cards, or data items.

This package provides PyFITS on the Python 2 module path. It is complemented by python3-pyfits.

Python-pywcs
Set of routines for handling the FITS WCS standard
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This is a thin wrapper around the high- and mid-level interfaces of Dr. Mark Calabretta's WCSLIB for handling the World Coordinate System.

In addition, there are extensions (written in C) to support Spitzer Simple Imaging Polynomial (SIP) convention keywords and Paper IV table lookup distortion.

Python3-astropy
Core functionality for performing astrophysics with Python3
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The astropy package contains core functionality and some common tools needed for performing astronomy and astrophysics research with Python3. It is expected to be extended by a number of "affiliated packages" that are intended to work with the core package.

The current release is a developer preview.

Python3-pyfits
Python3 module for reading, writing, and manipulating FITS files
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FITS (Flexible Image Transport System) is a data format most used in astronomy. PyFITS is a Python module for reading, writing, and manipulating FITS files. The module uses Python's object-oriented features to provide quick, easy, and efficient access to FITS files. The use of Python's array syntax enables immediate access to any FITS extension, header cards, or data items.

This package provides PyFITS on the Python 3 module path. It is complemented by python-pyfits.

Qfits-tools
FITS manipulation tools
Maintainer: Aurelien Jarno
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qfits is a stand-alone library written in C to interact with files complying with the FITS format, which is a data format most used in astronomy.

This package includes tools for simple manipulations of FITS files.

Saods9
Image display tool for astronomy
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SAOImage DS9 is an astronomical imaging and data visualization application. DS9 supports FITS images and binary tables, multiple frame buffers, region manipulation, and many scale algorithms and colormaps. It provides for easy communication with external analysis tasks and is highly configurable and extensible via XPA and SAMP.

All versions and platforms support a consistent set of GUI and functional capabilities.

DS9 supports advanced features such as 2-D, 3-D and RGB frame buffers, mosaic images, tiling, blinking, geometric markers, colormap manipulation, scaling, arbitrary zoom, cropping, rotation, pan, and a variety of coordinate systems.

The GUI for DS9 is user configurable. GUI elements such as the coordinate display, panner, magnifier, horizontal and vertical graphs, button bar, and color bar can be configured via menus or the command line.

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Savi
satellite constellation visualisation
Maintainer: YunQiang Su
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SaVi allows you to simulate satellite orbits and coverage, in two and three dimensions. SaVi is particularly useful for simulating satellite constellations such as Iridium and Globalstar.

SaVi can use Geomview, an optional but useful package, for 3D rendering.

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Seesat5
a satellite location program
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Seesat5 uses the NORAD sgp4 algorithm to compute the location of a satellite. Many different filtering methods are provided by Seesat5 so that only those satellites that might actually be viewed are presented in the report. This report includes bearing and elevation with respect to the observer's location as well as other information of interest to the observer.

Although an observer would find no use for it, the program can be made to report the location even when it is below the horizon. For radio satellites like the Oscar series knowing when it comes above the horizon is some of the interesting information this program can provide.

Sextractor
Source extractor for astronomical images
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Find sources, such as stars and galaxies, in astronomical images. The input data files are in FITS file format, and are analyzed to compute the locations of sources, with the ability to distinguish between galaxies and stars using a neural-network technique.

Skycat
Image visualization and access to catalogs and data for astronomy
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The ESO/Starlink Skycat tool combines the image display capabilities of the RTD (Real-Time Display) with a set of classes for accessing astronomical catalogs locally and over the network using HTTP. The tool allows you to view FITS images from files or from the Digitized Sky Survey (DSS).

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Splash
Visualisation tool for Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics simulation
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This (formerly SUPERSPHPLOT) is a visualisation tool for output from (astrophysical) simulations using the Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics (SPH) method in one, two and three dimensions. It is written in Fortran 90 and can utilise the PGPLOT graphics subroutine library to do the actual plotting. It is based around a command-line menu structure but utilises the interactive capabilities of PGPLOT to manipulate data interactively in the plotting window.

Stardata-common
Common framework to manage astronomy packages
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This package allows the installation and removal of astronomy catalogues, converting those catalogues to astronomy programs' data formats.

All stardata catalogues conforming to stardata-common policy are converted automatically at installation time to the formats of astronomy programs that support stardata-common.

The register-stardata program is transparent for the user; this program is called automatically when any astronomy package conforming to the stardata-common policy is installed, upgraded or removed.

Starplot
3-dimensional perspective star map viewer
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StarPlot is a GTK+ based program that can be used interactively to view three-dimensional perspective charts of stars. Charts can be re-centered, rotated, or zoomed in or out with a mouse click (this can also, of course, be done via dialog boxes for more precision). Stars may be viewed (or ignored) by spectral class and absolute magnitude.

StarPlot is packaged with starconvert, a utility that converts line-oriented stellar data records to StarPlot format. Most star data files available on the Internet can be converted this way if a short file describing the original file format is provided to starconvert.

Stellarium
real-time photo-realistic sky generator
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Stellarium renders 3D photo-realistic skies in real-time. With Stellarium, you really see what you can see with your eyes, binoculars or a small telescope.

Some features:

  • default star catalogue with over 600 thousand stars,
  • information about the brightest stars (spectral type, distance, etc.),
  • downloadable star catalogue extensions, for up to 210 million stars,
  • all New General Catalogue (NGC) objects,
  • images of almost all Messier objects and the Milky Way,
  • real time positions of the planets and their satellites,
  • 13 different cultures with their constellations,
  • artistic illustrations of the 88 Western constellations,
  • very realistic atmosphere, sunrise and sunset,
  • 7 panoramic landscapes (more can be made or downloaded from the website),
  • scripting with ECMAScript,
  • plug-in support: Stellarium comes with 8 plug-ins by default, including:
  • artificial satellites plug-in (updated from an on-line TLE database),
  • ocular simulation plug-in (shows how objects look like in a given ocular),
  • Solar System editor plug-in (imports comet and asteroid data from the MPC),
  • telescope control plug-in (Meade LX200 and Celestron NexStar compatible).

Stellarium should not be used for very high accurate calculation or ephemerids like eclipse predictions. However, it is the ideal program to prepare an observation evening with naked eye, binocular, or small telescope.

Wcslib-tools
Command line tools utilizing wcslib
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WCSLIB is a C library, supplied with a full set of Fortran wrappers, that implements the "World Coordinate System" (WCS) standard in FITS (Flexible Image Transport System).

This package contains the utility programs fitshdr, wcsware, and HPXcvt that are included in wcslib.

Wcstools
Handle the WCS of a FITS image
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WCSTools is a set of software utilities, written in C, which create, display and manipulate the world coordinate system of a FITS or IRAF image, using specific keywords in the image header which relate pixel position within the image to position on the sky. Auxillary programs search star catalogs and manipulate images.

This package contains the binary tools.

Wxastrocapture
Windows linuX Astronomy Capture
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wxAstroCapture controls cameras for planetary/lunar/solar and deep sky imaging. Long exposures are supported for SC modified webcams with serial and parallel port long exposure control. Also supported are Artemis/ATK cameras for 16bit deep sky imaging and webcam autoguiding using normal or long exposures.

Xorsa
tool for Celestial Mechanics investigations
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Orbit Reconstruction, Simulation and Analysis (ORSA) is a framework for Celestial Mechanics investigations. The main goals of the project are the implementation of state of the art orbit integration algorithms, with concerns on accuracy and performance, and the development of a number of analysis tools.

This package contains xorsa, the main graphical application provided by the ORSA project. It is an interactive tool for scientific grade Celestial Mechanics computations. Asteroids, comets, artificial satellites, Solar, and extra-Solar planetary systems can be accurately reproduced, simulated and analyzed.

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Xpa-tools
Tools for seamless communication between Unix programs
Maintainer: Ole Streicher
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The XPA messaging system provides seamless communication between many kinds of Unix programs, including X programs and Tcl/Tk programs. It also provides an easy way for users to communicate with these XPA-enabled programs by executing XPA client commands in the shell or by utilizing such commands in scripts. Because XPA works both at the programming level and the shell level, it is a powerful tool for unifying any analysis environment: users and programmers have great flexibility in choosing the best level or levels at which to access XPA services, and client access can be extended or modified easily at any time.

This package contains the additional tools.

Xplanet
planetary body renderer
Maintainer: Steve McIntyre
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Xplanet renders an image of a planet into an X window or a file. All of the major planets and most satellites can be drawn, and different map projections are also supported, including azimuthal, hemisphere, Lambert, Mercator, Mollweide, Peters, polyconic, and rectangular.

In order to run xplanet, you'll need at least one map file. Some maps are included in the xplanet-images package.

The package is enhanced by the following packages: xplanet-images
Xplanet-images
imagery for xplanet
Maintainer: Steve McIntyre
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Xplanet renders an image of a planet into an X window or a file.

In order to run xplanet, you'll need at least one map file. This package includes some map files that can be used with xplanet.

Yorick-full
full installation of the Yorick interpreter and add-ons
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Yorick is an interpreted programming language for:

  • scientific simulations or calculations
  • postprocessing or steering large simulation codes
  • interactive scientific graphics
  • reading, writing, and translating large files of numbers

The yorick-full metapackage installs Yorick together with the full set of add-ons packaged for Debian.

You may prefer to only install the yorick package and cherry-pick the yorick-* add-ons you need.

If you need MPY, the MPI parallel version of Yorick, please install either yorick-mpy-openmpi or yorick-mpy-mpich2 in addition.

Official Debian packages with lower relevance

Cpl-plugin-amber
ESO data reduction pipeline for AMBER
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This is the data reduction pipeline for the AMBER instrument of the Very Large Telescope (VLT) from the European Southern Observatory (ESO).

AMBER is a near-infrared, multi-beam interferometric instrument, combining simultaneously up to 3 telescopes. AMBER can be used in Period 82 and following with UTs or ATs (see below for current performance specifications). All possible triplets of UTs are available, and a number of selected AT combinations.

Cpl-plugin-fors
ESO data reduction pipeline for FORS
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FORS pipeline recipes for the reduction of data obtained with the FORS1 and FORS2 instruments in the LSS, MOS, MXU, PMOS, and direct imaging instrument modes.

FORS is the visual and near UV FOcal Reducer and low dispersion Spectrograph for the Very Large Telescope (VLT) of the European Southern Observatory (ESO). Two versions of FORS have been built, upgraded and moved to the Cassegrain foci of different telescopes in the past years. In April 2009, FORS1 was dismounted to make room for X-shooter, so only FORS2 is in operation. FORS is designed as an all-dioptric instrument for the wavelength range from 330 nm to 1100 nm and provides an image scale of 0".25/pixel (or 0".125/pixel with the high resolution collimator) in the standard readout mode (2x2 binning). FORS2 is installed on UT1 (Antu) and is by default equipped with a detector system that is optimised for the red with a very low level of fringes thanks to a mosaic of two 2k x 4k MIT CCDs (with 15 μm pixels). However, the blue-optimised detector system that was previously available on FORS1 has been commissioned on FORS2 and can be requested for Visitor Mode observation. The geometries of both detector systems are similar, with the optical axis falling ~30" above the gap and offsets of a few arc-seconds between the two chips. FORS2 has many modes, including multi-object spectroscopy with exchangable masks, long-slit spectroscopy, imaging and spectro-polarimetry and high-time resolution imaging and spectroscopy.

Cpl-plugin-giraf
ESO data reduction pipeline for GIRAFFE
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This is the data reduction pipeline for the GIRAFFE instrument of the Very Large Telescope (VLT) from the European Southern Observatory (ESO).

GIRAFFE is a medium-high resolution (R=7500-30000) spectrograph for the entire visible range 370-900 nm. GIRAFFE is aimed at carrying out intermediate and high resolution spectroscopy of galactic and extragalactic objects having a high spatial density. The name comes from the first design, where the spectrograph was standing vertically on a platform.

Cpl-plugin-hawki
ESO data reduction pipeline for HAWK-I
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This is the data reduction pipeline for the HAWK-I instrument of the Very Large Telescope (VLT) from the European Southern Observatory (ESO).

HAWK-I is a near-infrared (0.85-2.5 μm ) wide-field imager. It is being offered for the first time in Period 81. The instrument is cryogenic (120 K, detectors at 80 K) and has a full reflective design. The light passes four mirrors and two filter wheels before hitting a mosaic of four Hawaii 2RG 2048 * 2048 pixels detectors. The final F-ratio is F/4.36 ( 1 arcsec on the sky corresponds to 169 μm on the detector).

Cpl-plugin-kmos
ESO data reduction pipeline for KMOS
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This is the data reduction pipeline for the KMOS instrument of the Very Large Telescope (VLT) from the European Southern Observatory (ESO).

The K-band Multi Object Spectrograph (KMOS) is a second-generation instrument designed for operation on the VLT. The key feature of KMOS is its ability to perform Integral Field Spectroscopy in the near-infrared bands for 24 targets simultaneously.

Cpl-plugin-sinfo
ESO data reduction pipeline SINFONI
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This is the data reduction pipeline for the SINFONI instrument of the Very Large Telescope (VLT) from the European Southern Observatory (ESO).

SINFONI is a near-infrared (1.1 - 2.45 µm) integral field spectrograph fed by an adaptive optics module, currently installed at the Cassegrain focus of UT4. The spectrograph operates with 4 gratings (J, H, K, H+K) providing a spectral resolution around 2000, 3000, 4000 in J, H, K, respectively, and 1500 in H+K - each wavelength band fitting fully on the 2048 pixels of the Hawaii 2RG (2kx2k) detector in the dispersion direction. The spatial resolution is selectable from 0.25", 0.1" to 0.025" per image slice, which corresponds to a field-of-view of 8"x8", 3"x3", or 0.8"x0.8" respectively. The instrument can be also used for seeing limited open loop observations.

Cpl-plugin-uves
ESO data reduction pipeline for UVES
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This is the data reduction pipeline for the UVES instrument of the Very Large Telescope (VLT) from the European Southern Observatory (ESO).

UVES is a cross-dispersed echelle spectrograph designed to operate with high efficiency from the atmospheric cut-off at 300 nm to the long wavelength limit of the CCD detectors (about 1100 nm). The light beam from the telescope is split in two arms (UV to Blue, and Visual to Red) within the instrument. The two arms can be operated separately, or in parallel via a dichroic beam splitter. The resolving power is about 40,000 when a 1-arcsec slit is used. The maximum (two-pixel) resolution is 80,000 or 110,000 in the Blue- and the Red Arm, respectively.

Cpl-plugin-vimos
ESO data reduction pipeline for VIMOS
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This is the data reduction pipeline for the Vimos instrument of the Very Large Telescope (VLT) from the European Southern Observatory (ESO).

VIMOS is a multi-mode wide-field optical instrument mounted at the Nasmyth focus B of UT3. VIMOS allows imaging in UBVRIz and multi-object low (R ~ 200) to high (R ~ 2500) resolution spectroscopy. The wavelength range covered in the two spectroscopic modes goes from 360 to 1000 nm. VIMOS is made of 4 quadrants of 7'x8' each separated by a gap of about 2'.

Pdl
perl data language: Perl extensions for numerics
Maintainer: Henning Glawe
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PDL gives standard perl the ability to COMPACTLY store and SPEEDILY manipulate the large N-dimensional data arrays which are the bread and butter of scientific computing. The idea is to turn perl in to a free, array-oriented, numerical language in the same sense as commercial packages like IDL and MatLab. One can write simple perl expressions to manipulate entire numerical arrays all at once. For example, using PDL the perl variable $a can hold a 1024x1024 floating point image, it only takes 4Mb of memory to store it and expressions like $a=sqrt($a)+2 would manipulate the whole image in a few seconds.

A simple interactive shell (perldl) is provided for command line use together with a module (PDL) for use in perl scripts.

Python-healpy
HEALPix representation of spherical data - Python interface
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HEALPix is an acronym for Hierarchical Equal Area isoLatitude Pixelization of a sphere. As suggested in the name, this pixelization produces a subdivision of a spherical surface in which each pixel covers the same surface area as every other pixel. It is commonly used to store all-sky astronomical images, most famously maps of the cosmic microwave background.

This package provides a Python wrapper around the C++ implementation of HEALPix.

Python-scientific
Python modules useful for scientific computing
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ScientificPython is a collection of Python modules that are useful for scientific computing. Most modules are rather general, others belong to specific domains and will be of interest to only a small number of users (e.g. the module Scientific.IO.PDB). Almost all modules make extensive use of Numerical Python (NumPy)

Scilab-celestlab
Library of space flight dynamics functions based on Scilab.
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CelestLab is a library of space flight dynamics functions written in Scilab. This library has been developed and is maintained by the CNES (Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales) for mission analysis purposes. The library is used by CNES for the trajectory analysis and orbit design for various type of missions. CelestLab gathers in ten modules about 200 functions that allow mission designers to perform various tasks such as: orbit propagation, attitude computation, elementary manoeuvre computation, change of reference frames, change of coordinates, three body orbit analysis. CelestLab has been validated against the CNES flight dynamics reference software. Selected examples from mission analysis typical studies are provided in the CelestLab help pages.

Scilab-overload
Scilab toolbox to overload Scilab's macros
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Thanks to this toolbox, a user can overload user-defined functions as if they were built-in functions.

This provides the capabilities to overload low-level Scilab's internal features.

Scilab-scimysql
Scilab interface to MySQL
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Scilab library interfaces the MySQL C library. This module allows access to all functions available in the MySQL library in order to manage databases.

Sunclock
fancy clock showing time and geographical data
Maintainer: Roland Rosenfeld
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sunclock is an X11 application that displays a map of the Earth and indicates the illuminated portion of the globe by drawing sunlit areas dark on light, night areas as light on dark. In addition to providing local time for the default timezone, it also displays GMT time, legal and solar time of major cities, their latitude and longitude, and the mutual distances of arbitrary locations on Earth. Sunclock can display meridians, parallels, tropics and arctic circles. It has builtin functions that accelerate the speed of time and show the evolution of seasons.

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Xtide
provides tide and current predictions
Maintainer: Peter S Galbraith
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XTide is a package that provides tide and current predictions in a wide variety of formats. Graphs, text listings, and calendars can be generated, or a tide clock can be provided on your desktop.

XTide can work with the X window system, plain text terminals, or the web. This is accomplished with three separate programs: the interactive interface (xtide), the non-interactive or command line interface (tide), and the web interface (xttpd).

The algorithm that XTide uses to predict tides is used by the National Ocean Service in the U.S. It is significantly more accurate than the simple tide clocks that can be bought in novelty stores. However, it takes more to predict tides accurately than just a spiffy algorithm -- data are required for every tidal prediction location. This package provides a sample data set for only one location so you can try out the package, but anything useful requires the data packaged in the xtide-data package (or downloaded from the XTide ftp site).

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Xtide-data
Harmonics data for xtide
Maintainer: Peter S Galbraith
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XTide is a package that provides tide and current predictions in a wide variety of formats. Graphs, text listings, and calendars can be generated, or a tide clock can be provided on your desktop.

This package provides the harmonics data used by the xtide package to display tidal information for most parts of the world. The data are packaged separately from xtide because they may be updated separately.

Some data omitted from the upstream harmonics file because of restrictions on commercial distribution and were included in the non-free package xtide-data-nonfree.

Yorick-cubeview
3D FITS data viewer specialized in spectro-imaging
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Cubeview is a viewer for 3D data store in FITS files, a file format extensively used among astronomers. It is specialized in displaying spectro-imaging data but can be used to do basic visualization on any FITS file containing a 3D array.

Cubeview features a stand-alone graphical user interface which adheres to the GTK+ look-and-feel. Being written in Yorick, it is inherently scriptable. A system of hooks allows custom actions to be repeated automatically when certain events occur.

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Yorick-gyoto
General relativistic geodesic integration for the Yorick language
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Gyoto aims at providing a framework for computing orbits and ray-traced images in General relativity.

This package provides a plug-in for the Yorick programing language exposing the Gyoto facilities. It allows using Gyoto interactively from the yorick prompt or running complex Gyoto scripts.

Please cite: F. H. Vincent, T. Paumard, E. Gourgoulhon and G. Perrin: GYOTO: a new general relativistic ray-tracing code. (eprint) Classical and Quantum Gravity 28:225011 (2011)
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Yorick-mira
optical interferometry image reconstruction within Yorick
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MiRA is an algorithm for image reconstruction from data provided by optical interferometers. It is written in the Yorick language and operated through the Yorick interpreter.

MiRA won the 2008' Interferometric Imaging Beauty Contest organized by International Astronomical Union (IAU) to compare the image synthesis algorithms designed for optical interferometry. In a nutshell, MiRA proceeds by direct minimization of a penalized likelihood. This penalty is the sum of two terms: a likelihood term (typically a χ2) which enforces agreement of the model with the data, plus a regularization term to account for priors. The priors are required to lever the many degeneracies due to the sparseness of the spatial frequency sampling. MiRA implements many different regularizations (quadratic or edge-preserving smoothness, total variation, maximum entropy, etc.) and let the user defines his own priors. The likelihood penalty is modular and designed to account for available data of any kind (complex visibilities, powerspectra and/or closure phase). One of the strength of MiRA is that it is purely based on an inverse problem approach and can therefore cope with incomplete data set; for instance, MiRA can build an image without any Fourier phase information. Input data must be in OI-FITS format.

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Yorick-spydr
FITS image display and simple analysis
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Spydr (pronounced like spider) basically is an FITS image viewer. It can work as a stand-alone application but is best integrated in a Yorick-based data-analysis work-flow (Yorick is an interpreted language specialized in numerical computations and scientific graphics). It includes tools to zoom, produce cuts, histograms, Gaussian/Moffat fits, PSF fits (inc. FWHM and Strehl). Can work on single images, sequences of images or data cubes.

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Yorick-svipc
interprocess communication (shared memory...) for Yorick
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This package allows one to access the System V Interprocess communication mechanisms from within Yorick:

  • message queues;
  • semaphore sets;
  • shared memory segments. It also exposes related functionality, in particular fork().

This plug-in serves primarily two use cases:

  • parallel (multiprocess) computing;
  • mixed applications (eg. yorick/python).

Sibling packages are available for Python: python-svipc and python3-svipc.

Yorick-yao
Yorick-based adaptive optics system simulator
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roleprogram
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License: DFSG free
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Yao is a monte-carlo simulation package for adaptive optics. It can be used stand-alone through a GTK-based integrated graphical user interface or as a Yorick language extension. Yao features:

  • Shack-Hartmann and Curvature WFS, on or off axis;
  • support for Stackarray (piezostack), curvature (bimorph), modal (zernike) and Tip-Tilt deformable mirrors. The altitude of conjugation is adjustable;
  • arbitrary number of WFSs and DMs, with the possibility of mixing types. It is therefore possible (and easy) to simulate single DM systems, as well as single non-zero conjugate, GLAO and MCAO systems;
  • support for Natural and Laser Guide Stars (or a mix), WFS with photon and read-out noise;
  • multi-layered atmospheric model with geometrical propagation only;
  • speed-optimized loop: critical routines have been coded in C.
Screenshots of package yorick-yao

Debian packages in contrib or non-free

Gliese
stellar data set from the Third Catalogue of Nearby Stars
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License: non-free

This package provides a star catalog which contains approximately 3800 star records including the known stars nearer to Earth than approximately 80 light-years, taken from the Third Catalogue of Nearby Stars (preliminary edition), Gliese and Jahreiss, 1991.

This stellar data set may be viewed with the StarPlot program available from Debian, but can also be used with other astronomical software.

Pgplot5
large subroutine library for plotting scientific data
Maintainer: Carlo Segre
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This package contains both runtime and development libraries. Many routines are included in pgplot for viewing scientific data. Many (about 70) output devices are supported. 2-D , 3-D , contour, image manipulation, etc. are well supported. Interactive routines are included. Both a C and a FORTRAN library are present. See http://astro.caltech.edu/~tjp/pgplot/ for documentation.

Worldwind
3D Virtual Globe
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License: non-free
Svn

World Wind allows any user to zoom from satellite altitude into any place on Earth, leveraging high resolution LandSat imagery and SRTM elevation data to experience Earth in visually rich 3D, just as if they were really there.

Screenshots of package worldwind
Yale
stellar data set from the Yale Bright Star Catalog
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License: non-free

These data come from the [Yale] Bright Star Catalog, 5th Rev. Ed. (preliminary), Hoffleit and Warren, 1991. It contains all the stars with apparent magnitude brighter than +6.5.

This stellar data set may be viewed with StarPlot program available from Debian, but can be used with other astronomical software.

Packaging has started and developers might try the packaging code in VCS

Casacore-tools - wnpp
Tools built with CASA
License: LGPL-2+
Debian package not available
Git
Version: 1.7.0-1

The casacore package contains the core libraries of the old AIPS++/CASA (Common Astronomy Software Applications) package. This split was made to get a better separation of core libraries and applications.

This package contains the tools built with CASA core:

taql - query language for casacore tables measuresdata - create data tables for measures imageregrid, imagecalc, showtable, showtablelock, findmeastable, fits2table, imreorder, casahdf5support, msselect, image2fits, imageslice, etc.

Iraf - wnpp
Image Reduction and Analysis Facility
License: MIT with advertising clause
Debian package not available
Git
Version: 2.16+repack0~0-1

IRAF is the "Image Reduction and Analysis Facility". The main IRAF distribution includes a good selection of programs for general image processing and graphics, plus a large number of programs for the reduction and analysis of optical and IR astronomy data. Other external or layered packages are available for applications such as data acquisition or handling data from other observatories and wavelength regimes such as the Hubble Space Telescope (optical), EUVE (extreme ultra-violet), or ROSAT and AXAF (X-ray). These external packages are distributed separately from the main IRAF distribution but can be easily installed. The IRAF system also includes a complete programming environment for scientific applications, which includes a programmable Command Language scripting facility, the IMFORT Fortran/C programming interface, and the full SPP/VOS programming environment in which the portable IRAF system and all applications are written.

Orbfit - wnpp
computation of asteroidal orbits
License: free
Debian package not available
Svn
Version: 3.5.1-1

OrbFit is a software system allowing one to compute the orbits of asteroids (soon also comets) starting from the observations, to propagate these orbits, and to compute predictions on the future (and past) position on the celestial sphere. It is a tool to be used to find a well known asteroid, to recover a lost one, to attribute a small group of observations, to identify two orbits with each other, to study the future (and/or past) close approaches to Earth, thus to assess the risk of an impact, and more.

OrbFit has been developed by a team of professional scientists, working in the field of asteroid and comet dynamics, orbit determination, nonlinear and chaotic dynamics, and astrometry. The composition of the OrbFit consortium, and the motivations for this work, are described below.

Remark of Debian Science team: Status of packaging

A rudimentary package was prepared, upstream was contacted with a very positive reply.

Python-pyraf - wnpp
Python interface for IRAF
License: BSD-3
Debian package not available
Git
Version: 2.1.6-1

PyRAF is a command language for running IRAF [1] tasks that is based on the Python scripting language. It gives users the ability to run IRAF tasks in an environment that has all the power and flexibility of Python. PyRAF can be installed along with an existing IRAF installation; users can then choose to run either PyRAF or the IRAF CL.

X11iraf - wnpp
Graphical tools to work with IRAF
License: free
Debian package not available
Git
Version: 2.0~BETA-1

x11iraf provides graphical tools to work with IRAF, notably xgterm and XImtool. Note: IRAF = Image Reduction and Analysis Facility, a general purpose software system for the reduction and analysis of astronomical data.

Unofficial packages built by somebody else

Spacechart
Star map viewer and navigator
License: unknown

SpaceChart is a program to display 3d maps of stars and move freely around it. It is capable of showing only a subset of the stars in a given data file, and only those within a given distance of the center of the display. Also, it shows lines between stars that are closer than a given distance.

Remark of Debian Science team: Removed from Debian

This package was removed from Debian but some versions are available from http://snapshot.debian.org/

Reasons are given here: http://bugs.debian.org/460795

Ssystem
3D solar system simulator
License: unknown

An OpenGL Solar System simulator which includes the sun, the nine planets, a few major satellites, and background stars.

This package has since been rewritten and repackaged as Celestia, but since that package has significantly higher hardware requirements than ssystem does, this package is being kept around. Celestia has a better looking solar system, more options, and unlike ssystem, is actually still being worked on, so you probably only want to use this if you have older hardware that cannot run Celestia at a reasonable speed.

Remark of Debian Science team: Removed from Debian

This package was removed from Debian but some versions are available from http://snapshot.debian.org/

Reasons are given here: http://bugs.debian.org/352709

Stars
star map program that draws the night sky
License: unknown

Stars is an astronomy program that lets you view the sky from your computer.

Except for generating a small rotation matrix and some parameters, all math is integer based, allowing very fast display. At 16 bytes of memory per object, many objects can be loaded at once. Most graphics are antialiased.

Xephem
An interactive astronomical ephemeris for X.
License: Non-free

Xephem is an interactive astronomical ephemeris program for X Windows systems with Motif. It provides many graphical views as well as quantitative heliocentric, geocentric and topocentric information for Earth satellites, solar system and celestial objects.

This project used to be an official Debian package in 2002 but vanished from the Debian pool of packaged software (for reasons that should be clarified). The URL of the "unofficial" package points to the location where the old package could be found on http://snapshot.debian.net.

There are later upstream versions than this Debian package available.

No known packages available but some record of interest (WNPP bug)

Linoccult - wnpp
predicts occultations of stars by minor planets
Responsible: Steffen Moeller
License: GPL
Debian package not available

LinOccult uses the DE405 precomputed major planets ephemeris (position of astronomical object in the sky at a given time) that are provided by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) for a precise numerical integration of asteroidal orbits. The user can select asteroids to process by changing several parameters in a configuration file.

Some initial packaging has been performed and will be submitted to pkg-scicomp.alioth.debian.org.

*Popularitycontest results: number of people who use this package regularly (number of people who upgraded this package recently) out of 172298