Debian Junior Project
Summary
Programming
Debian Jr. programming

The emphasis for this sampling of programming packages for children is first on simple interpreted languages. Also important for using languages with children are good documentation, and some ability to produce visual programs without too much effort. It is by no means a complete list, and you are encouraged to explore other languages with children as well; even those that are not specifically aimed for children.

The Logo language is specifically designed for children, with a strong emphasis on the visual and concrete. Littlewizard is an icon-based graphical programming language also designed for children.

Scratch is an easy, interactive, collaborative, visual programming language with children from ages 8 and up as their target group.

Arduino is a popular micro controller that is widely used by both people learning electronics and programming as well as seasoned veterans doing complex projects. It is necessary to connect a physical Arduino circuit board in order to experiment with arduino.

Description

For a better overview of the project's availability as a Debian package, each head row has a color code according to this scheme:

If you discover a project which looks like a good candidate for Debian Junior to you, or if you have prepared an unofficial Debian package, please do not hesitate to send a description of that project to the Debian Junior mailing list

Links to other tasks

Debian Junior Programming packages

Official Debian packages with high relevance

Arduino
отладочная плата для AVR и библиотеки разработки
Versions of package arduino
ReleaseVersionArchitectures
sid1.0.5+dfsg2-4.1all
experimental1.5.6.2+sdfsg2-3all
squeeze0018+dfsg-6all
wheezy1.0.1+dfsg-7all
jessie1.0.5+dfsg2-4all
stretch1.0.5+dfsg2-4.1all
buster1.0.5+dfsg2-4.1all
bullseye1.0.5+dfsg2-4.1all
Debtags of package arduino:
fieldelectronics
roleprogram
Popcon: 398 users (127 upd.)*
Versions and Archs
License: DFSG free
Git

Arduino — это электронная платформа прототипирования с открытым исходным кодом на гибком и лёгком в использовании оборудовании и программном обеспечении. Он будет интересен художникам, дизайнерам, людям увлекающимся электроникой и всем, кто заинтересован в создании интерактивных объектов и окружений.

Этот пакет устанавливает интегрированную среду разработки, которая позволяет писать программы, компилировать код и загружать его в отладочную плату Arduino. Так же будут установлены библиотеки и примеры программ.

Other screenshots of package arduino
VersionURL
1:1.0+dfsg2-1https://screenshots.debian.net/screenshots/000/010/456/large.png
Screenshots of package arduino
Gvrng
Интерактивный язык программирования начального уровня
Maintainer: Debian QA Group
Versions of package gvrng
ReleaseVersionArchitectures
wheezy4.4-1all
squeeze4.1-1all
stretch4.4-3~deb9u1all
jessie4.4-1all
Debtags of package gvrng:
develinterpreter
fieldmathematics
gamepuzzle
interfacex11
roleprogram
uitoolkitgtk
usegameplaying, learning
x11application
Popcon: 4 users (3 upd.)*
Versions and Archs
License: DFSG free

Guido van Robot Next Generation (GvRng) - проект, разрабатываемый продвинутыми студентами старшей школы для использования их сверстниками в качестве инструмента для обучения и в качестве предтечи для дальнейшего изучения программирования на языке Python. Это минималистичный язык программирования, предоставляющий вполне достаточный синтаксис для того, чтобы помочь студентам изучить понятия последовательности, условного ветвления, циклов и процедурных абстракций.

Его самой главной сильной стороной является то, что он позволяет учиться в окружении, которое сочетает волнение от решения задач с непосредственной визуальной обратной связью. Короче, это интерактивный язык программирования начального уровня, прекрасно подходящий для изучения базовых понятий программирования, применимых в любом высокоуровневом языке.

GvRng-версия заменяет старую GvR программу, в которой для построения пользовательского интерфейса использовались средства wxPython.

Kturtle
среда образовательного программирования
Versions of package kturtle
ReleaseVersionArchitectures
squeeze4.4.5-2amd64,armel,i386,ia64,kfreebsd-amd64,kfreebsd-i386,mips,mipsel,powerpc,s390,sparc
jessie4.14.1-1amd64,armel,armhf,i386
bullseye20.04.0-1amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
sid20.04.0-1amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
buster18.04.1-1amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
wheezy4.8.4-1amd64,armel,armhf,i386,ia64,kfreebsd-amd64,kfreebsd-i386,mips,mipsel,powerpc,s390,s390x,sparc
stretch16.08.3-1amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
upstream20.04.1
Debtags of package kturtle:
develide
fieldmathematics
interfacex11
roleprogram
scopeutility
suitekde
uitoolkitqt
uselearning
x11application
Popcon: 180 users (396 upd.)*
Newer upstream!
License: DFSG free
Git

KTurtle — среда для обучения основам программирования, использующая язык TurtleScript (сделанный в духе Logo). При создании авторы хотели максимально упростить процесс программирования.

Пользователь командами языка TurtleScript двигает "черепаху", которая может оставлять после себя след, таким образом можно программировать рисование различных фигур. KTurtle можно использовать для обучения элементарной математике, геометрии и программированию.

Этот пакет является частью образовательного модуля KDE.

Screenshots of package kturtle
Laby
обучение программированию на примере муравьёв и паучьих сетей
Versions of package laby
ReleaseVersionArchitectures
squeeze0.5.5-1amd64,armel,i386,ia64,kfreebsd-amd64,kfreebsd-i386,mips,mipsel,powerpc,s390,sparc
wheezy0.6.3-1amd64,armel,armhf,i386,ia64,kfreebsd-amd64,kfreebsd-i386,mips,mipsel,powerpc,s390,s390x,sparc
jessie0.6.3-1amd64,armel,armhf,i386
stretch0.6.4-1amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
buster0.6.4-2amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
bullseye0.6.4-3amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
sid0.6.4-3amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
upstream0.7.0
Debtags of package laby:
devellang:c, lang:java, lang:ocaml
fieldmathematics
interfacex11
roleprogram
uitoolkitgtk
usegameplaying, learning
Popcon: 27 users (35 upd.)*
Newer upstream!
License: DFSG free
Git

Laby — небольшая программа для изучения программирования на примере муравьёв и паучьих сетей. Вы должны повести муравья через лабиринт, избегая паутины, перемещая камни и т.п.

Пользуясь Laby, вы можете изучать OCalm, С, С++, Java, Пролог, Ruby, Pascal, JavaScript, Python, Lua, Vala и Scheme. Программа позволяет легко добавлять новые языки программирования.

Screenshots of package laby
Littlewizard
development environment for children
Maintainer: Kari Pahula
Versions of package littlewizard
ReleaseVersionArchitectures
sid1.2.2-4amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
bullseye1.2.2-4amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
buster1.2.2-4amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
stretch1.2.2-4amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
jessie1.2.2-1amd64,armel,armhf,i386
wheezy1.2.2-1amd64,armel,armhf,i386,ia64,kfreebsd-amd64,kfreebsd-i386,mips,mipsel,powerpc,s390,s390x,sparc
squeeze1.2.0~rc2-2amd64,armel,i386,ia64,kfreebsd-amd64,kfreebsd-i386,mips,mipsel,powerpc,s390,sparc
Debtags of package littlewizard:
develinterpreter
fieldmathematics
interfacex11
roleprogram
uitoolkitgtk
uselearning
x11application
Popcon: 13 users (8 upd.)*
Versions and Archs
License: DFSG free

Little Wizard is created especially for primary school children. It allows one to learn using main elements of present computer languages, including: variables, expressions, loops, conditions, logical blocks. Every element of language is represented by an intuitive icon. Little Wizard can be used without using keyboard, only mouse.

Screenshots of package littlewizard
Puredata
realtime computer music and graphics system
Versions of package puredata
ReleaseVersionArchitectures
wheezy0.43.2-5all
jessie0.46.2-1all
stretch0.47.1-3all
buster0.49.0-3all
bullseye0.50.2-3all
sid0.50.2-3all
squeeze0.42.6-1amd64,armel,i386,ia64,kfreebsd-amd64,kfreebsd-i386,mips,mipsel,powerpc,s390,sparc
upstream0.51.0~1
Debtags of package puredata:
develeditor, ide, ui-builder
fieldarts
interfacex11
roleprogram
scopeapplication
soundmidi, mixer, player, recorder
uitoolkittk
useediting
works-withaudio, image, image:raster
x11application
Popcon: 34 users (102 upd.)*
Newer upstream!
License: DFSG free
Git

Pure Data (also known as Pd) is a real-time graphical programming environment for audio and graphics processing. Pd's audio functions are built-in; graphical computations require separate packages such as gem (Graphics Environment for Multimedia) or pd-pdp (Pd Packet).

This is a metapackage that depends on all components of the core of Pd.

Other screenshots of package puredata
VersionURL
0.41.4-1https://screenshots.debian.net/screenshots/000/001/322/large.png
Screenshots of package puredata
Scratch
easy to use programming environment for ages 8 and up
Maintainer: Miriam Ruiz
Versions of package scratch
ReleaseVersionArchitectures
jessie1.4.0.6~dfsg1-5all
buster1.4.0.6~dfsg1-6all
bullseye1.4.0.6~dfsg1-6all
sid1.4.0.6~dfsg1-6all
wheezy1.4.0.6~dfsg1-4all
stretch1.4.0.6~dfsg1-5all
Debtags of package scratch:
fieldcomputer-science
uitoolkitgtk
Popcon: 486 users (65 upd.)*
Versions and Archs
License: DFSG free

Scratch is an easy, interactive, collaborative programming environment designed for creation of interactive stories, animations, games, music, and art -- and sharing these on the web. Scratch is designed to help young people (ages 8 and up) develop 21st century learning skills. As they create Scratch projects, young people learn important mathematical and computational ideas, while also gaining a deeper understanding of the process of design.

Screenshots of package scratch
Sonic-pi
Live Coding for Everyone
Versions of package sonic-pi
ReleaseVersionArchitectures
bullseye2.10.0~repack-2.1amd64,arm64,armhf,i386,mipsel
buster2.10.0~repack-2.1amd64,arm64,armhf,i386,mipsel
stretch2.10.0~repack-2amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips,mips64el,mipsel,s390x
sid2.10.0~repack-2.1amd64,arm64,armhf,i386,mipsel
upstream3.2.2
Popcon: 28 users (44 upd.)*
Newer upstream!
License: DFSG free
Git

A free live coding synth for everyone. Originally designed to support computing and music lessons within schools. Use code to compose and perform in classical and contemporary styles ranging from Canons to Dubstep.

Squeak-plugins-scratch
Squeak plugins for the Scratch programming environment
Maintainer: Miriam Ruiz
Versions of package squeak-plugins-scratch
ReleaseVersionArchitectures
stretch1.4.0.2~svn.r83-2.1amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
sid1.4.0.2~svn.r83-3amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
wheezy1.4.0.2~svn.r83-1amd64,armel,armhf,i386,ia64,mips,mipsel,powerpc,s390,s390x,sparc
jessie1.4.0.2~svn.r83-2amd64,armel,armhf,i386
Debtags of package squeak-plugins-scratch:
roleplugin
Popcon: 606 users (1 upd.)*
Versions and Archs
License: DFSG free

Scratch is an easy, interactive, collaborative programming environment designed for creation of interactive stories, animations, games, music, and art -- and sharing these on the web.

Scratch is designed to help young people (ages 8 and up) develop 21st century learning skills. As they create Scratch projects, young people learn important mathematical and computational ideas, while also gaining a deeper understanding of the process of design.

This package contains the plugins needed by Scratch and its derivatives.

Squeak-vm
virtual machine for Smalltalk
Versions of package squeak-vm
ReleaseVersionArchitectures
sid4.10.2.2614-8amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
wheezy4.4.7.2357-1.1amd64,armel,armhf,i386,ia64,mips,mipsel,powerpc,s390,s390x,sparc
jessie4.10.2.2614-1.1amd64,armel,armhf,i386
squeeze4.0.3.2202-2amd64,armel,i386,ia64,mips,mipsel,powerpc,s390,sparc
stretch4.10.2.2614-4.1amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
buster4.10.2.2614-8amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
bullseye4.10.2.2614-8amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
Debtags of package squeak-vm:
develide, runtime
interfacex11
roleprogram
scopesuite
Popcon: 535 users (82 upd.)*
Versions and Archs
License: DFSG free
Git

Squeak is a full-featured implementation of the Smalltalk programming language and environment based on (and largely compatible with) the original Smalltalk-80 system.

This package contains just the Unix Squeak virtual machine. You will likely need also an image file containing a "snapshot" of a live Squeak session - e.g. one of the Debian packages etoys or scratch.

*Popularitycontest results: number of people who use this package regularly (number of people who upgraded this package recently) out of 201416