Debian Edu Project
Summary
Astronomy
데비안 Edu 천문학 관련 어플리케이션

이 메타패키지는 천문학을 가르치는데 사용할 수 있는 여러 어플리케이션에 의존합니다.

Description

For a better overview of the project's availability as a Debian package, each head row has a color code according to this scheme:

If you discover a project which looks like a good candidate for Debian Edu to you, or if you have prepared an unofficial Debian package, please do not hesitate to send a description of that project to the Debian Edu mailing list

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Debian Edu Astronomy packages

Official Debian packages with high relevance

education-menus
Debian Edu menu reorganization
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A package to reorganize menu branches in order to get a structure easy to use for teachers and students.

gpredict
위성 추적 프로그램
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Gpredict는 Linux 데스크톱용 실시간 위성 추적 및 궤도 예측 프로그램입니다. NORAD 2 라인 요소 세트 (TLE)와 함께 SGP4/SDP4 전파 알고리즘을 사용합니다.

Gpredict의 일부 핵심 기능은 아래와 같습니다:

  • 다수의 위성 추적은 컴퓨터의 물리적 메모리와 처리 능력에 의해서만 제한됩니다.
  • 목록, 지도, 극좌표 및 이들의 조합으로 추적 데이터를 표시합니다.
  • 노트북이나 자체 윈도우에서 동시에 여러 모듈을 열 수 있습니다. 모듈은 전체 화면 모드에서도 실행될 수 있습니다.
  • 많은 지상국을 이용할 수 있습니다
  • 다가오는 패스를 예측하세요
  • Gpredict는 실시간, 시뮬레이트된 실시간 (빨리 감기 및 뒤로 감기), 수동 시간 제어로 실행될 수 있습니다
  • 실시간 및 비실시간 모드에 대한 자세한 정보
  • Hamlib rigctld을 통한 라디오의 도플러 튜닝
  • Hamlib rotctld를 통한 안테나 회전자 제어
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kstars
desktop planetarium, observation planning and telescope control
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KStars is a scientifically accurate desktop planetarium, visualising a graphical simulation of the night sky from any location on Earth, at any date and time. The display includes 130,000 stars, 13,000 deep-sky objects, all 8 planets, the Sun and Moon, and thousands of comets and asteroids. KStars addresses students and amateur astronomers of all levels.

The database of known objects can be extended and updated from local or remote databases, which is prepared for in a user-extendable interface. KStars suggests observations of particular interest like conjunctions with respect to the location of the user. And for user-selected targets it proposes the ones that are best-observable.

The software may be used for planning experiments around the globe, e.g. for remote controlled commercial services. But KStars also features an INDI interface to control local telescopes and cameras. Users with programming experience can script it via the KDE desktop bus.

The package is enhanced by the following packages: kstars-data-extra-tycho2
openuniverse
3D Universe Simulator
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OpenUniverse (OU for short) is a fun, fast and free OpenGL space simulator. It currently focuses on the Solar System and lets you visit all of its planets, most major moons and a vast collection of smaller bodies in colorful, glorious and realtime 3D. If you've ever had a chance to visit Mercury or asteroid Geographos, here you'll find them looking exactly the same way, following exactly the same path as when you've left them.

Notice that OpenUniverse is not actively being maintained anymore and that users are recommended to use Celestia instead.

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VersionURL
1.0beta3.1+dfsg-1+b2https://screenshots.debian.net/shrine/screenshot/6910/simage/large-61ad4c24e61efb833c4f0dce3336404e.png
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stellarium
실시간으로 사진처럼 사실적인 하늘 생성
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Stellarium은 실시간으로 3D 사진처럼 사실적인 하늘을 렌더링합니다. Stellarium을 통해, 육안, 쌍안경 또는 작은 망원경으로 볼 수 있는것을 실제로 볼 수 있습니다.

일부 기능들:

  • 60만개 이상의 별을 포함하는 기본 별 카탈로그,
  • 가장 밝은 별에 대한 정보 (분광 유형, 거리 등),
  • 최대 2억1천만개 별에 대한, 다운로드 가능한 별 카탈로그 확장,
  • 모든 New General Catalogue (NGC) 객체,
  • 거의 모든 메시에 천체와 은하수 이미지,
  • 행성과 위성의 실시간 위치,
  • 13개의 다른 문화들과 그들의 별자리,
  • 서양의 88개의 별자리를 예술적으로 표현한 일러스트,
  • 매우 현실적인 분위기의, 일출과 일몰,
  • 7개의 파노라마 풍경 (더 많은 풍경을 만들거나 웹사이트에서 다운로드할 수 있음),
  • ECMAScript를 이용한 스크립팅,
  • 플러그인 지원: Stellarium은 기본적으로 아래 플러그인을 포함한 8개의 플러그인 제공:
  • 인공위성 플러그인 (온라인 TLE 데이터베이스에서 업데이트),
  • 시야 시뮬레이션 플러그인 (주어진 시야에서 물체가 어떻게 보이는지 보여줌),
  • 태양계 편집기 플러그인 (MPC에서 행성과 소행성 데이타를 가져옴),
  • 망원경 제어 플러그인 (Meade LX200과 Celestron NexStar 호환).

Stellarium은 매우 정확한 계산이나 일식 예측과 같은 천문력에 사용되서는 안됩니다. 하지만 육안, 쌍안경 또는 소형 망원경을 이용한 관찰의 밤을 준비하는데에는 이상적인 프로그램입니다.

xplanet
행성 렌더러
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Xplanet은 X 윈도우 또는 파일로 행성의 이미지를 렌더링합니다. 모든 주요 행성과 대부분의 위성이 그려질 수 있으며, 방위각, 반구, 램버트, 메르카토르, 몰바이데, 피터, 다원뿔, 그리고 직사각형을 포함하는 서로 다른 지도 투영법을 지원합니다.

xplanet을 실행하기 위해서, 당신은 최소 하나의 지도 파일이 필요합니다. 몇몇 지도는 xplanet-image 패키지에 포함되어 있습니다.

The package is enhanced by the following packages: xplanet-images
xplanet-images
imagery for xplanet
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Xplanet renders an image of a planet into an X window or a file.

In order to run xplanet, you'll need at least one map file. This package includes some map files that can be used with xplanet.

Official Debian packages with lower relevance

astronomical-almanac
천문 달력 - 행성과 별의 위치 계산
Maintainer: Thorsten Alteholz
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aa 프로그램은 행성의 궤도 위치를 계산하고 그리고 명백한 지심과 지표 장소 (지역 고도와 방위각)에 대한 엄격한 좌표 축약을 수행합니다. 또한 FK4 또는 FK5 시스템 중 하나에 주어진 성표 위치를 줄일 수 있습니다. 57 항행 별에 대한 데이타도 포함합니다. 사용된 알고리즘에 대부분은 미정부 인쇄국에서 발행한 천 문 연감 (AA)에서 가져왔습니다.

aa 프로그램은 천문 연감 현재 버전에서 설계된 천구 좌표 감소에 대한 엄격한 알고리즘을 정확하게 따릅니다. 명백한 지심위도 위치 감소는 제트 추진 연구소 (Jet Propulsion Laboratory) DE200 태양계 수치 적분법에서 직접 행성 위치를 가져온 프로그램 (aa200)의 특수한 버전이 확인하였습니다. 결과는 1987 이후 (1987 이전 연감은 약간 다른 감소 방법을 사용)천문 연감 테이블과 정확히 일치 합니다.

장동 수정과 같은 특정 계산은 AA에 명시적으로 부여하지 않지만 참조는 됩니다. 이러한 경우 프로그램은 궤도 정보 테이블을 구성 (참조가 제공됩니다)하는데 사 용되는 완전한 계산을 수행합니다.

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lightspeed
Shows how objects moving at relativistic speeds look like
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Light Speed! is an OpenGL-based program which illustrates the effects of special relativity on the appearance of moving objects. When an object accelerates past a few million meters per second, these effects begin to grow noticeable, becoming more and more pronounced as the speed of light is approached. These relativistic effects are viewpoint-dependent, and include shifts in length, object hue, brightness and shape.

The moving object is, by default, a geometric lattice. 3D Studio and LightWave 3D objects may be imported as well. Best of all, the simulator is completely interactive, rendering the exotic distortions in real-time!

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sunclock
fancy clock showing time and geographical data
Maintainer: Roland Rosenfeld
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sunclock is an X11 application that displays a map of the Earth and indicates the illuminated portion of the globe by drawing sunlit areas dark on light, night areas as light on dark. In addition to providing local time for the default timezone, it also displays GMT time, legal and solar time of major cities, their latitude and longitude, and the mutual distances of arbitrary locations on Earth. Sunclock can display meridians, parallels, tropics and arctic circles. It has builtin functions that accelerate the speed of time and show the evolution of seasons.

xtide
provides tide and current predictions
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XTide is a package that provides tide and current predictions in a wide variety of formats. Graphs, text listings, and calendars can be generated, or a tide clock can be provided on your desktop.

XTide can work with the X window system, plain text terminals, or the web. This is accomplished with three separate programs: the interactive interface (xtide), the non-interactive or command line interface (tide), and the web interface (xttpd).

The algorithm that XTide uses to predict tides is used by the National Ocean Service in the U.S. It is significantly more accurate than the simple tide clocks that can be bought in novelty stores. However, it takes more to predict tides accurately than just a spiffy algorithm -- data are required for every tidal prediction location. This package provides a sample data set for only one location so you can try out the package, but anything useful requires the data packaged in the xtide-data package (or downloaded from the XTide ftp site).

xtide-data
Harmonics data for xtide
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XTide is a package that provides tide and current predictions in a wide variety of formats. Graphs, text listings, and calendars can be generated, or a tide clock can be provided on your desktop.

This package provides the harmonics data used by the xtide package to display tidal information for most parts of the world. The data are packaged separately from xtide because they may be updated separately.

Some data omitted from the upstream harmonics file because of restrictions on commercial distribution and were included in the non-free package xtide-data-nonfree.

*Popularitycontest results: number of people who use this package regularly (number of people who upgraded this package recently) out of 236933