Debian Edu Project
Summary
Astronomy
Debian Edu astronomy related applications

This metapackage depends on various applications that can be used to teach astronomy.

Description

For a better overview of the project's availability as a Debian package, each head row has a color code according to this scheme:

If you discover a project which looks like a good candidate for Debian Edu to you, or if you have prepared an unofficial Debian package, please do not hesitate to send a description of that project to the Debian Edu mailing list

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Debian Edu Astronomy packages

Official Debian packages with high relevance

Education-menus
Debian Edu menu reorganization
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A package to reorganize menu branches in order to get a structure easy to use for teachers and students.

Gpredict
Satellite tracking program
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Gpredict is a real time satellite tracking and orbit prediction program for the Linux desktop. It uses the SGP4/SDP4 propagation algorithms together with NORAD two-line element sets (TLE).

Some core features of Gpredict include:

  • Tracking of a large number of satellites only limited by the physical memory and processing power of the computer
  • Display the tracking data in lists, maps, polar plots and any combination of these
  • Have many modules open at the same either in a notebook or in their own windows. The modules can also run in full-screen mode
  • You can use many ground stations
  • Predict upcoming passes
  • Gpredict can run in real-time, simulated real-time (fast forward and backward), and manual time control
  • Detailed information both the real time and non-real time modes
  • Doppler tuning of radios via Hamlib rigctld
  • Antenna rotator control via Hamlib rotctld
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Kstars
planetárium, plánovanie pozorovania a riadenie teleskopu pre pracovné prostredie
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KStars je vedecky presné planetárium pre pracovné prostredie, ktoré vizualizuje grafickú simuláciu nočnej oblohy z ľubovoľného miesta na Zemi v ľubovoľnom dátume a čase. Zobrazuje 130 000 hviezd, 13 000 vzdialených objektov, všetkých 8 planét, Slnko a Mesiac a tisíce komét a asteroidov. KStars napĺňa potreby študentov a amatérskych astronómov na všetkých úrovniach.

Databázu známych objektov je možné rozšíriť a aktualizovať z lokálnych alebo vzdialených databáz z používateľsky rozšíriteľného rozhrania. KStars navrhuje obzvlášť zaujímavé pozorovania s ohľadom na používateľa ako sú konjunkcie. Pre ciele zvolené používateľom navrhuje tie, ktoré je možné najlepšie pozorovať.

Softvér je možné používať na plánovanie experimentov po celom svete, napr. na komerčné služby riadené na diaľku. Ale KStars tiež obsahuje rozhranie INDI na ovládanie lokálnych teleskopov a fotoaparátov. Používatelia so skúsenosťami v oblasti programovania ho môžu ovládať pomocou skriptov cez zbernicu prostredia KDE.

The package is enhanced by the following packages: kstars-data-extra-tycho2
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Openuniverse
3D simulátor vesmíru
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OpenUniverse (skrátene OU) je zábavný, rýchly a slobodný simulátor vesmíru v OpenGL. Momentálne sa sústredí na Slnečnú sústavu a umožňuje vám navštíviť všetky jej planéty, väčšinu hlavných mesiacov a rozsiahlu kolekciu menších telies v reálnom čase vo farebnom 3D. Ak ste niekedy mali možnosť navštíviť Merkúr alebo asteroid Geographos, tu ich nájdete a budú vyzerať presne rovnako a sledovať rovnakú trajektóriu ako keď ste ich opustili.

Všimnite si, že OpenUniverse sa už neudržiava aktuálny a že sa odporúča namiesto neho použiť program Celestia.

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Stellarium
fotorealistický generátor hviezdnej oblohy v reálnom čase
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Stellarium vykresľuje 3D fotografie oblohy v reálnom čase. Pomocou tohoto programu uvidíte to isté ako na vlastné oči, pomocou ďalekohľadu alebo malého teleskopu.

Niektoré vlastnosti:

  • štandardný katalóg viac ako 600 000 hviezd
  • informácie o najžiarivejších hviezdach (spektrálny typ, vzdialenosť atď.)
  • možnosť stiahnuť rozšírenia katalógu hviezd až do 210 miliónov hviezd
  • všetky objekty NGC (New General Catalogue)
  • obrázky takmer všetkých Messierovych objektov a Mliečnej cesty
  • pozície planét a ich satelitov v reálnom čase
  • 13 rozličných kultúr s ich súhvezdiami
  • umelecké ilustrácie 88 západných súhvezdí
  • veľmi realistická atmosféra, východ a západ slnka
  • 7 panoramatických krajiniek (ďalšie možno vytvoriť alebo stiahnuť z webu)
  • písanie skriptov v ECMAScripte
  • podpora zásuvných modulov: Stellarium sa štandardne dodáva s 8 modulmi vrátane:
  • modulu umelých satelitov (aktualizovaný z on-line databázy TLE),
  • modulu simulácie okulára (zobrazuje ako vyzerajú objekty v danom okulári)
  • modulu editora Slnečnej sústavy (importuje dáta o kométach a asteroidoch z MPC)
  • modulu na ovládanie teleskopu (kompatibilný s Meade LX200 a Celestron NexStar)

Stellarium by ste nemali používať na veľmi presné výpočty alebo efemeridy ako predpovede zatmenia. Je to však ideálny program na prípravu pred vlastným pozorovaním oblohy, či už voľným okom, ďalekohľadom alebo malým teleskopom.

Xplanet
vykresľovanie planetárnych telies
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Xplanet vykresľuje obraz planéty do okna X alebo do súboru. Môže vykresliť všetky hlavné planéty a väčšinu satelitov a podporuje rôzne projekcie máp, vrátane azimutálnej, pologuľovej, Lambertovej, Mercatorovej, Mollweideho, Petersovej, polykónickej a pravouhlej.

Na spustenie xplanet budete potrebovať aspoň jeden súbor máp. Niektoré mapy sú v balíku xplanet-images.

The package is enhanced by the following packages: xplanet-images
Xplanet-images
imagery for xplanet
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Xplanet renders an image of a planet into an X window or a file.

In order to run xplanet, you'll need at least one map file. This package includes some map files that can be used with xplanet.

Official Debian packages with lower relevance

Astronomical-almanac
astronomical almanac - calculate planet and star positions
Maintainer: Thorsten Alteholz
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The aa program computes the orbital positions of planetary bodies and performs rigorous coordinate reductions to apparent geocentric and topocentric place (local altitude and azimuth). It also reduces star catalogue positions given in either the FK4 or FK5 system. Data for the 57 navigational stars is included. Most of the algorithms employed are from The Astronomical Almanac (AA) published by the U.S. Government Printing Office.

The aa program follows the rigorous algorithms for reduction of celestial coordinates exactly as laid out in current editions of the Astronomical Almanac. The reduction to apparent geocentric place has been checked by a special version of the program (aa200) that takes planetary positions directly from the Jet Propulsion Laboratory DE200 numerical integration of the solar system. The results agree exactly with the Astronomical Almanac tables from 1987 onward (earlier Almanacs used slightly different reduction methods).

Certain computations, such as the correction for nutation, are not given explicitly in the AA but are referenced there. In these cases the program performs the full computations that are used to construct the Almanac tables (references are provided).

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Lightspeed
Shows how objects moving at relativistic speeds look like
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Light Speed! is an OpenGL-based program which illustrates the effects of special relativity on the appearance of moving objects. When an object accelerates past a few million meters per second, these effects begin to grow noticeable, becoming more and more pronounced as the speed of light is approached. These relativistic effects are viewpoint-dependent, and include shifts in length, object hue, brightness and shape.

The moving object is, by default, a geometric lattice. 3D Studio and LightWave 3D objects may be imported as well. Best of all, the simulator is completely interactive, rendering the exotic distortions in real-time!

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Sunclock
fancy clock showing time and geographical data
Maintainer: Roland Rosenfeld
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sunclock is an X11 application that displays a map of the Earth and indicates the illuminated portion of the globe by drawing sunlit areas dark on light, night areas as light on dark. In addition to providing local time for the default timezone, it also displays GMT time, legal and solar time of major cities, their latitude and longitude, and the mutual distances of arbitrary locations on Earth. Sunclock can display meridians, parallels, tropics and arctic circles. It has builtin functions that accelerate the speed of time and show the evolution of seasons.

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Xtide
provides tide and current predictions
Maintainer: Peter S Galbraith
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XTide is a package that provides tide and current predictions in a wide variety of formats. Graphs, text listings, and calendars can be generated, or a tide clock can be provided on your desktop.

XTide can work with the X window system, plain text terminals, or the web. This is accomplished with three separate programs: the interactive interface (xtide), the non-interactive or command line interface (tide), and the web interface (xttpd).

The algorithm that XTide uses to predict tides is used by the National Ocean Service in the U.S. It is significantly more accurate than the simple tide clocks that can be bought in novelty stores. However, it takes more to predict tides accurately than just a spiffy algorithm -- data are required for every tidal prediction location. This package provides a sample data set for only one location so you can try out the package, but anything useful requires the data packaged in the xtide-data package (or downloaded from the XTide ftp site).

Xtide-data
Harmonics data for xtide
Maintainer: Peter S Galbraith
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XTide is a package that provides tide and current predictions in a wide variety of formats. Graphs, text listings, and calendars can be generated, or a tide clock can be provided on your desktop.

This package provides the harmonics data used by the xtide package to display tidal information for most parts of the world. The data are packaged separately from xtide because they may be updated separately.

Some data omitted from the upstream harmonics file because of restrictions on commercial distribution and were included in the non-free package xtide-data-nonfree.

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