Debian Edu Project
Summary
Common
pacotes comuns do Debian Edu

Um metapacote contendo dependências para os pacotes necessários em todas as instalações no conjunto de softwares do Debian Edu.

Description

For a better overview of the project's availability as a Debian package, each head row has a color code according to this scheme:

If you discover a project which looks like a good candidate for Debian Edu to you, or if you have prepared an unofficial Debian package, please do not hesitate to send a description of that project to the Debian Edu mailing list

Links to other tasks

Debian Edu Common packages

Official Debian packages with high relevance

Arping
envia "pings" IP e/ou ARP (para o endereço MAC)
Versions of package arping
ReleaseVersionArchitectures
wheezy2.11-1amd64,armel,armhf,i386,ia64,kfreebsd-amd64,kfreebsd-i386,mips,mipsel,powerpc,s390,s390x,sparc
jessie2.14-1amd64,armel,armhf,i386
stretch2.14-1amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
buster2.19-6amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
bullseye2.21-1amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
sid2.21-1amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
squeeze2.09-2amd64,armel,i386,ia64,kfreebsd-amd64,kfreebsd-i386,mips,mipsel,powerpc,s390,sparc
Debtags of package arping:
adminmonitoring
interfacecommandline
networkscanner
roleprogram
scopeutility
Popcon: 416 users (177 upd.)*
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O utilitário arping envia requisições ARP e/ou ICMP para a máquina especificada e mostra as respostas. A máquina pode ser especificada pelo seu nome, seu endereço IP ou seu endereço MAC.

Screenshots of package arping
Bc
linguagem de calculadora de precisão arbitrária bc do GNU
Maintainer: Ryan Kavanagh
Versions of package bc
ReleaseVersionArchitectures
sid1.07.1-2amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
stretch1.06.95-9amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
wheezy1.06.95-2amd64,armel,armhf,i386,ia64,kfreebsd-amd64,kfreebsd-i386,mips,mipsel,powerpc,s390,s390x,sparc
jessie1.06.95-9amd64,armel,armhf,i386
squeeze1.06.95-2amd64,armel,i386,ia64,kfreebsd-amd64,kfreebsd-i386,mips,mipsel,powerpc,s390,sparc
buster1.07.1-2amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
bullseye1.07.1-2amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
Debtags of package bc:
develinterpreter
fieldmathematics
interfacetext-mode
roleprogram
scopeutility
suitegnu
uitoolkitncurses
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GNU bc é uma linguagem algébrica interativa com precisão arbitrária que segue o esboço do padrão POSIX 1003.2, com muitas extensões incluindo nomes de variáveis multi-caracteres, uma declaração `else' e expressões Booleanas completas. GNU bc não requer o programa dc GNU em separado.

Screenshots of package bc
Cifs-utils
utilitários Common Internet File System
Versions of package cifs-utils
ReleaseVersionArchitectures
squeeze4.5-2+squeeze1amd64,armel,i386,ia64,mips,mipsel,powerpc,s390,sparc
stretch6.7-1amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
wheezy5.5-1amd64,armel,armhf,i386,ia64,mips,mipsel,powerpc,s390,s390x,sparc
jessie6.4-1amd64,armel,armhf,i386
buster6.8-2amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
bullseye6.9-1amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
sid6.9-1amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
upstream6.10
Debtags of package cifs-utils:
adminfilesystem, kernel
interfacecommandline
roleprogram
scopeutility
suitesamba
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O protocolo SMB/CIFS fornece suporte para compartilhamento de arquivos interplataforma com sistemas Microsoft Windows, OS X e outros Unix.

Este pacote fornece utilitários para gerenciar montagens de sistemas de arquivos de rede CIFS.

Command-not-found
Suggest installation of packages in interactive bash sessions
Maintainer: Julian Andres Klode
Versions of package command-not-found
ReleaseVersionArchitectures
jessie0.2.38-1all
wheezy0.2.38-1all
squeeze0.2.38-1all
sid18.04.5-1all
bullseye18.04.5-1all
buster18.04.5-1all
stretch0.2.38-4all
upstream20.10.0
Debtags of package command-not-found:
interfaceshell
roleprogram
scopeutility
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This package will install a handler for command_not_found that looks up programs not currently installed but available from the repositories.

Convmv
ferramenta de conversão de codificação de nome de arquivo
Maintainer: Lev Lamberov
Versions of package convmv
ReleaseVersionArchitectures
bullseye2.05-1all
squeeze1.12-2all
wheezy1.12-2all
jessie1.12-2all
sid2.05-1all
buster2.05-1all
stretch2.0-1all
Debtags of package convmv:
develi18n
interfacecommandline
roleprogram
scopeutility
works-withfile
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convmv pode converter um único nome de arquivo, uma árvore de diretórios ou todos os arquivos em um sistema de arquivos para uma codificação diferente. Ele converte somente a codificação dos nomes dos arquivos, não o conteúdo dos mesmos. Um recurso especial do convmv é que ele também cuida dos links simbólicos: a codificação do alvo do link simbólico será convertido se o link simbólico for convertido.

Também é possível converter diretórios para UTF-8 que já estejam parcialmente codificados em UTF-8.

Palavras-chave: renomear, mover

Debconf-utils
utilitários debconf
Maintainer: Debconf Developers
Versions of package debconf-utils
ReleaseVersionArchitectures
wheezy1.5.49all
stretch1.5.61all
buster1.5.71all
bullseye1.5.74all
sid1.5.74all
squeeze1.5.36.1all
jessie1.5.56+deb8u1all
Debtags of package debconf-utils:
adminconfiguring
develdebian
interfacecommandline
roleprogram
suitedebian
useconfiguring
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Este pacote contém alguns pequenos utilitários para os desenvolvedores do debconf.

Debian-edu-config
Configuration files for Debian Edu (Skolelinux) systems
Versions of package debian-edu-config
ReleaseVersionArchitectures
sid2.11.29all
squeeze1.445all
wheezy1.702all
jessie1.818+deb8u2all
jessie-security1.818+deb8u3all
stretch1.929+deb9u4all
stretch-security1.929+deb9u4all
bullseye2.11.29all
buster2.10.65+deb10u6all
buster-security2.10.65+deb10u3all
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Installs cfengine config files to be used by the machines set up as part of the Debian Edu pure blend (Skolelinux network).

Debian-edu-doc-en
English documentation from the Debian Edu project
Versions of package debian-edu-doc-en
ReleaseVersionArchitectures
stretch1.921~20170603+deb9u3all
bullseye2.11.10all
squeeze1.3~20100508~5.0.4+edu1all
wheezy1.5~20130920~7.1+deb7u1all
buster2.10.19~deb10u1all
jessie1.6~20170429+deb8u4all
sid2.11.10all
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The English version of the manual for the Bullseye and Buster based releases of the Debian Edu / Skolelinux project is included in this package, as well as the Debian Edu Itil, Rosegarden and Audacity manuals.

Debian Edu is a Debian project to make the best distribution for educational purposes. Skolelinux is the name of the Debian Pure Blend which is produced by the Debian Edu project.

Debian-edu-install
Set d-i values to install Debian Edu with less questions
Versions of package debian-edu-install
ReleaseVersionArchitectures
buster2.10.21all
stretch1.916all
jessie1.821+deb8u2all
wheezy1.720+deb7u1all
squeeze1.519all
sid2.11.9all
bullseye2.11.9all
Debtags of package debian-edu-install:
uitoolkitgtk
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This package provides default answers for packages using debconf, and configures services to work out of the box after an installation.

This is part of the Debian Edu project.

Deborphan
programa que pesquisa pacotes instalados e não utilizados, exemplo bibliotecas
Versions of package deborphan
ReleaseVersionArchitectures
jessie1.7.28.8-0.1amd64,armel,armhf,i386
squeeze1.7.28.3+squeeze1amd64,armel,i386,ia64,kfreebsd-amd64,kfreebsd-i386,mips,mipsel,powerpc,s390,sparc
wheezy1.7.28.8amd64,armel,armhf,i386,ia64,kfreebsd-amd64,kfreebsd-i386,mips,mipsel,powerpc,s390,s390x,sparc
sid1.7.33amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
bullseye1.7.33amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
buster1.7.31amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
stretch1.7.28.8-0.3amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
Debtags of package deborphan:
adminpackage-management
interfacecommandline
roleprogram
scopeutility
suitedebian
usechecking, organizing
works-withsoftware:package
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O deborphan pesquisa pacotes orfãos em seu sistema. Ele determina quais pacotes não são dependencia de nenhum outro pacote na sua instalação e mostra a lista desses pacotes. Isso é bastante útil para encontrar bibliotecas, mas pode ser utilizado em pacotes de todas as seções.

Este pacote também inclui orphaner, uma interface de menus em texto para o deborphan. Por favor, instale os pacotes recomendados dialog, gettext-base e apt se você quiser utilizar todos os recursos do orphaner.

Dhcping
Programa de daemon ping de DHCP
Maintainer: Martin Schulze
Versions of package dhcping
ReleaseVersionArchitectures
jessie1.2-4.1amd64,armel,armhf,i386
sid1.2-4.2amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
bullseye1.2-4.2amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
buster1.2-4.2amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
stretch1.2-4.1amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
wheezy1.2-4amd64,armel,armhf,i386,ia64,kfreebsd-amd64,kfreebsd-i386,mips,mipsel,powerpc,s390,s390x,sparc
squeeze1.2-4amd64,armel,i386,ia64,kfreebsd-amd64,kfreebsd-i386,mips,mipsel,powerpc,s390,sparc
Debtags of package dhcping:
adminmonitoring
interfacecommandline
networkscanner
roleprogram
scopeutility
usescanning
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Esta pequena ferramenta dá a oportunidade a um administrador de sistemas de mandar um pedido DHCP para descobrir se um servidor DHCP ainda está rodando.

Screenshots of package dhcping
Dmidecode
decodificador de tabela SMBIOS/DMI
Maintainer: Jörg Frings-Fürst
Versions of package dmidecode
ReleaseVersionArchitectures
bullseye3.2-3amd64,arm64,armhf,i386
buster3.2-1amd64,arm64,armhf,i386
stretch3.0-4amd64,arm64,armhf,i386
jessie2.12-3amd64,armhf,i386
wheezy2.11-9amd64,i386,ia64,kfreebsd-amd64,kfreebsd-i386
sid3.2-3amd64,arm64,armhf,i386
squeeze2.9-1.2amd64,i386,ia64,kfreebsd-amd64,kfreebsd-i386
Debtags of package dmidecode:
adminhardware
hardwaredetection
interfacecommandline
roleprogram
scopeutility
useviewing
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Dmidecode faz relatórios de informações sobre o hardware do sistema como descrito na BIOS do sistema de acordo com o padrão SMBIOS/DMI.

Estas informações costumam incluir o fabricante do sistema, nome do modelo, número serial, versão da BIOS, "asset tag" assim como vários outros detalhes de variável interesse e confiabilidade a depender do fabricante. Às vezes inclui status de uso para soquetes da CPU, slots de expansão (e.g. AGP, PCI, ISA) e slots de módulos de memórias e a lista de portas de E/S (e.g. serial, paralelas, USB).

Cuidado pois dados DMI se provaram pouco confiáveis para se confiar cegamente. Dmidecode não verifica o hardware, ele apenas diz o que a BIOS disse para ele.

Etherwake
ferramenta para enviar pacotes Wake-on-Lan mágicos
Maintainer: Pierre Blanc
Versions of package etherwake
ReleaseVersionArchitectures
wheezy1.09-3amd64,armel,armhf,i386,ia64,mips,mipsel,powerpc,s390,s390x,sparc
sid1.09-4amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
bullseye1.09-4amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
buster1.09-4amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
stretch1.09-4amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
jessie1.09-4amd64,armel,armhf,i386
squeeze1.09-3amd64,armel,i386,ia64,mips,mipsel,powerpc,s390,sparc
Debtags of package etherwake:
adminboot, power-management
hardwarepower, power:acpi, power:apm
interfacecommandline, text-mode
roleprogram
scopeutility
useconfiguring, transmission
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WOL (Wake-on-LAN) é um padrão que permite ligar um computador através de uma conexão ethernet. Computadores com placas de rede com WOL habilitado podem ser retirados do modo sleep, ou ligados do standby via uma funcionalidade da BIOS.

Uma funcionalidade que separa etherwake de outras implementações é que ela também suporta senhas WOL.

Ethtool
exibe ou altera configurações de dispositivos ethernet
Maintainer: Debian Kernel Team
Versions of package ethtool
ReleaseVersionArchitectures
stretch4.8-1amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
bullseye5.4-1amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
jessie3.16-1amd64,armel,armhf,i386
squeeze2.6.34-3amd64,armel,i386,ia64,mips,mipsel,powerpc,s390,sparc
sid5.4-1amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
wheezy3.4.2-1amd64,armel,armhf,i386,ia64,mips,mipsel,powerpc,s390,s390x,sparc
buster4.19-1amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
upstream5.8
Debtags of package ethtool:
adminhardware
interfacecommandline
networkconfiguration
roleprogram
scopeutility
usechecking
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ethtool pode ser usado para consultar ou alterar configurações como velocidade, auto-negociação e 'chescksum offload' em vários dispositivos de rede, especialmente dispositivos Ethernet.

Screenshots of package ethtool
Finger
programa para busca de informação de usuário
Maintainer: Josue Ortega
Versions of package finger
ReleaseVersionArchitectures
jessie0.17-15amd64,armel,armhf,i386
bullseye0.17-17amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
wheezy0.17-15amd64,armel,armhf,i386,ia64,kfreebsd-amd64,kfreebsd-i386,mips,mipsel,powerpc,s390,s390x,sparc
squeeze0.17-14amd64,armel,i386,ia64,kfreebsd-amd64,kfreebsd-i386,mips,mipsel,powerpc,s390,sparc
buster0.17-15.2amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
stretch0.17-15.1amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
sid0.17-17amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
Debtags of package finger:
interfacecommandline
networkclient
roleprogram
works-withpeople
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  • finger mostra informações sobre os usuários do sistema.
Fping
envia pacotes ECHO_REQUEST de ICMP para máquinas de rede
Maintainer: Axel Beckert
Versions of package fping
ReleaseVersionArchitectures
stretch3.15-1amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
squeeze2.4b2-to-ipv6-16.1amd64,armel,i386,ia64,kfreebsd-amd64,kfreebsd-i386,mips,mipsel,powerpc,s390,sparc
sid5.0-1amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
jessie3.10-2amd64,armel,armhf,i386
bullseye4.4-1amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
wheezy3.2-1amd64,armel,armhf,i386,ia64,kfreebsd-amd64,kfreebsd-i386,mips,mipsel,powerpc,s390,s390x,sparc
buster4.2-1amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
Debtags of package fping:
adminmonitoring
interfacecommandline
networkscanner
roleprogram
scopeutility
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fping é um programa estilo ping que usa o "echo request" do Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) para determinar se uma máquina alvo está respondendo. O fping, diferente do ping, permite que você especifique qualquer número de alvos na linha de comando, ou um arquivo contendo a lista de alvos para pingar. Ao invés de enviar para um alvo e esperar uma resposta ou um time out ("estouro de tempo"), o fping vai enviar um pacote de ping e ir para o próximo alvo no estilo round-robin.

Gdebi
ferramenta simples para visualizar e instalar arquivos deb - interface GNOME
Maintainer: Ubuntu Developers
Versions of package gdebi
ReleaseVersionArchitectures
buster0.9.5.7+nmu3all
squeeze0.6.4+squeeze1all
jessie0.9.5.5+nmu1all
wheezy0.8.7all
sid0.9.5.7+nmu3all
bullseye0.9.5.7+nmu3all
stretch0.9.5.7+nmu1all
Debtags of package gdebi:
adminpackage-management
interfacex11
roleprogram
scopeutility
suitedebian
uitoolkitgtk
usedownloading
works-withsoftware:package
x11application
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Com o gdebi você instala pacotes deb locais resolvendo e instalando suas dependências. O apt faz o mesmo, mas somente para pacotes localizados remotamente (http e ftp).

O pacote é também varrido via lintian antes de instalar e é possível inspecionar os membros dos pacotes de controle e de dados.

Este pacote contém a interface gráfica de usuário.

Gdebi-core
ferramenta simples para instalação de arquivos deb
Maintainer: Ubuntu Developers
Versions of package gdebi-core
ReleaseVersionArchitectures
bullseye0.9.5.7+nmu3all
squeeze0.6.4+squeeze1all
wheezy0.8.7all
jessie0.9.5.5+nmu1all
stretch0.9.5.7+nmu1all
buster0.9.5.7+nmu3all
sid0.9.5.7+nmu3all
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interfacecommandline
roleprogram
works-withsoftware:package
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Com o gdebi você instala pacotes deb locais resolvendo e instalando suas dependências. O apt faz o mesmo, mas somente para pacotes localizados remotamente (http e ftp).

Ele também pode resolver dependências de construção (build-depends) de arquivos debian/control locais.

Este pacote contém as bibliotecas e utilitários de linha de comando.

Hddtemp
utilitário de monitoramento da temperatura de discos rígidos
Maintainer: Aurelien Jarno
Versions of package hddtemp
ReleaseVersionArchitectures
squeeze0.3-beta15-46amd64,armel,i386,ia64,mips,mipsel,powerpc,s390,sparc
wheezy0.3-beta15-52amd64,armel,armhf,i386,ia64,mips,mipsel,powerpc,s390,s390x,sparc
jessie0.3-beta15-52amd64,armel,armhf,i386
stretch0.3-beta15-52amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
buster0.3-beta15-53amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
bullseye0.3-beta15-53amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
sid0.3-beta15-53amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
Debtags of package hddtemp:
adminhardware, monitoring
hardwarestorage
interfacecommandline
roleprogram
scopeutility
x11application
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O programa hddtemp monitora e gera relatórios da temperatura de discos rígidos PATA, SATA ou SCSI lendo as informações da Tecnologia de Auto-Monitoramento, Análise e Relatório ("Self-Monitoring Analysis and Reporting Technology" - S.M.A.R.T.) em discos que suportam esse recurso.

Htop
visualizador de processos interativo
Maintainer: Daniel Lange
Versions of package htop
ReleaseVersionArchitectures
sid2.2.0-3amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
squeeze0.8.3-1amd64,armel,i386,ia64,kfreebsd-amd64,kfreebsd-i386,mips,mipsel,powerpc,s390,sparc
wheezy1.0.1-1amd64,armel,armhf,i386,ia64,kfreebsd-amd64,kfreebsd-i386,mips,mipsel,powerpc,s390,s390x,sparc
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Htop é um visualizador de processos baseado em ncurses similar ao top, mas permite percorrer a lista verticalmente e horizontalmente para ver todos os processos e suas linhas de comando completas.

Tarefas relacionadas com processos (matar, mudar prioridade) podem ser feitas sem digitar seus PIDs.

Hwinfo
Sistema de identificação de hardware
Maintainer: Sebastien Badia
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hwinfo é a ferramenta de detecção de hardware usada no SuSE Linux.

No Debian Edu (Skolelinux) o hwinfo apresentou resultados melhores do que o discover ao detectar mouse, teclado e monitor.

hwinfo coleta informações sobre o hardware instalado em um sistema. Entre outras, libhd contém informações sobre cdrom, zip, disquetes, discos e partições, placas de rede, de vídeo, monitor, câmera, mouse, som, pppoe, isdn, modem, impressora, scanner, bios, cpu, usb, memória e smp.

Este pacote não contém os binários hwscan, hwscand e hwscanqueue. Se você acha que um ou mais deles devem estar inclusos, por favor entre em contato com o mantenedor em hwinfo@packages.debian.org.

Iftop
exibe informações do uso da largura de banda em uma interface de rede
Maintainer: Markus Koschany
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iftop trabalha com o uso da rede bem como o comando top trabalha com o uso da CPU. iftop escuta o tráfego de rede em uma determinada interface e exibe uma tabela sobre a atual largura de banda utilizada por seus pares de máquinas. Útil para responder à pergunta "Por que minha conexão com a Internet e tão lenta?".

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Iotop
monitor simples de E/S (I/O) estilo top
Maintainer: Paul Wise
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O iotop faz com o uso de E/S (I/O) o que o top(1) faz com uso de CPU. Ele pega informações de uso de E/S dado pelo kernel Linux e mostra uma tabela de uso da E/S atual pelos processos do sistema. Ele é útil para responder à questão "Por que a luz deste disco está piscando tanto?".

Ele só pode ser executado em um Linux 2.6.20 ou mais recente e que tenha sido construído com as opções CONFIG_TASKSTATS, CONFIG_TASK_DELAY_ACCT, CONFIG_TASK_IO_ACCOUNTING e CONFIG_VM_EVENT_COUNTERS.

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VersionURL
0.3-1https://screenshots.debian.net/screenshots/000/002/005/large.png
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Iproute2
ferramentas para controle de tráfego e rede
Maintainer: Alexander Wirt
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O conjunto iproute2 é uma coleção de utilitários para controle de redes e tráfego.

Estas ferramentas comunicam-se com o núcleo ("kernel") Linux através da interface (rt)netlink, fornecendo recursos avançados não disponíveis através dos comandos net-tools obsoletos 'ifconfig' e 'route'.

Iputils-arping
Ferramenta de Envio de requesições de echo ICMP para um endereço ARP
Maintainer: Noah Meyerhans
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O comando arping age como o comando ping padrão exceto pelo fato de ele pingar uma máquina usando o endereço ARP ao invés do endereço IP. Tipicamente usado para localizar uma máquina se seu endereço de hardware é conhecido mas seu endereço IP não.

Less
programa paginador similar ao "more"
Maintainer: Milan Kupcevic
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Este pacote fornece o "less", um paginador (ou seja, um utilitário que usa pouca memória para mostrar texto, uma tela por vez). O less tem muito mais funcionalidades que o paginador básico "more". Como parte do projeto GNU, ele é amplamente reconhecido como o paginador padrão em sistemas derivados do UNIX.

Também é fornecido o "lessecho", um utilitário simples para garantir que argumentos com espaços sejam corretamente colocados entre aspas; "lesskey", uma ferramenta para modificar os vínculos de teclas padrão (estilo vi); e "lesspipe", um filtro para tipos específicos de entrada, tais como arquivos .doc ou .txt.gz.

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Libnss-myhostname
nss module providing fallback resolution for the current hostname
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This package contains a plugin for the Name Service Switch, providing host name resolution for the locally configured system hostname as returned by gethostname(2). It returns all locally configured public IP addresses or -- if none are configured, the IPv4 address 127.0.1.1 (which is on the local loopback) and the IPv6 address ::1 (which is the local host).

A lot of software relies on that the local host name is resolvable. This package provides an alternative to the fragile and error-prone manual editing of /etc/hosts.

Installing this package automatically adds myhostname to /etc/nsswitch.conf.

Libpam-tmpdir
automatic per-user temporary directories
Maintainer: Tollef Fog Heen
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Many programs use $TMPDIR for storing temporary files. Not all of them are good at securing the permissions of those files. libpam-tmpdir sets $TMPDIR and $TMP for PAM sessions and sets the permissions quite tight. This helps system security by having an extra layer of security, making such symlink attacks and other /tmp based attacks harder or impossible

Libwww-perl
interface simples e coerente para a www
Maintainer: Debian Perl Group
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libwww-perl (também conhecida como LWP) é uma coleção de módulos Perl que fornecem uma interface de programação (API) simples e coerente para a World-Wide Web. O foco principal da biblioteca é fornecer classes e funções que permitam a você escrever clientes WWW. A biblioteca também contém módulos de uso geral, bem como uma implementação de servidor compatível com HTTP/1.1 simples.

The package is enhanced by the following packages: libhtml-parser-perl
Lshw
information about hardware configuration
Maintainer: Ghe Rivero
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A small tool to provide detailed information on the hardware configuration of the machine. It can report exact memory configuration, firmware version, mainboard configuration, CPU version and speed, cache configuration, bus speed, etc. on DMI-capable x86 systems, on some PowerPC machines (PowerMac G4 is known to work) and AMD64.

Information can be output in plain text, HTML or XML.

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Lsscsi
lista todos dispositivos (ou computadores) SCSI atualmente no sistema
Maintainer: Matt Taggart
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Usa informação no sysfs (núcleo Linux 2.6.0 ou posterior) para listar dispositivos (ou computadores) anexos ao sistema atualmente. Opções podem ser usadas para controlar a forma e quantidade de informação é fornecida para cada dispositivo.

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Mc
Midnight Commander - um poderoso gerenciador de arquivos
Maintainer: Dmitry Smirnov
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GNU Midnight Commander é um gerenciador de arquivos em tela cheia e modo texto. Ele usa uma interface de dois painéis e um subshell para execução de comandos. Ele inclui um editor interno com realce de sintaxe e um visualizador interno com suporte a arquivos binários. Também incluído um Virtual Filesystem (VFS), que faz com que arquivos em sistemas de arquivos remotos (e.g. FTP, servidores SSH) e arquivos dentro de arquivamentos possam ser manipulados como arquivos reais.

Memtest86+
testador de memória completa em modo real
Maintainer: Yann Dirson
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Memtest86+ varre sua RAM em busca de erros.

Este testador roda independentemente de qualquer SO - ele roda no boot do computador, e portanto pode testar toda a memória. Outra opção é o 'memtester', para testar a memória de dentro do Linux, mas ele não é capaz de testar toda a memória.

Memtest86+ pode exibir uma lista de regiões ruins da memória, que pode ser usada pelo patch do kernel BadRAM, de forma que você ainda consiga usar uma memória velha com uns bits estragados.

Memtest86+ é baseado no memtest86 3.0, e adiciona suporte a hardware recente, assim como a várias melhorias de propósito geral, inclusive muitos patches para o memtest86 disponíveis em vários lugares.

Tanto o memtest86 quanto o memtest86+ seguem evoluindo em paralelo.

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Mlocate
rapidamente encontra arquivos no sistema de arquivos com base nos seus nomes
Maintainer: Tollef Fog Heen
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O mlocate é uma nova implementação do locate, uma ferramenta para encontrar arquivos em qualquer lugar do sistema de arquivos com base em seus nomes, usando um padrão fixo ou uma expressão regular. Diferente de outras ferramentas como find(1), o locate usa um banco de dados previamente criado para realizar a busca, permitindo que as consultas sejam executadas muito mais rápido. Este banco de dados é atualizado periodicamente a partir do cron.

Há várias implementações do locate: a implementação original do findutils do GNU, slocate e mlocate. As vantagens do mlocate são:

  • ele indexa todo o sistema de arquivos, mas os resultados de uma busca só incluirão arquivos que o usuário executando o locate tenha acesso. Ele faz isso atualizando o banco de dados como root, mas tornando-o ilegível para usuário normais, que só podem acessá-lo através do binário locate. O slocate também faz isso, mas não o locate original.

  • ao invés de reler todo o conteúdo de todos os diretórios a cada vez que o banco de dados é atualizado, o mlocate mantém as informações de "timestamp" em seu banco de dados e pode saber se o conteúdo de um diretório foi mudado sem precisar lê-los novamente. Isto torna as atualizações muito mais rápidas e menos intensas no disco rígido. Este recurso só é encontrado no mlocate.

Instalar mlocate mudará o binário /usr/bin/locate para apontá-lo para o mlocate através do mecanismo de alternativas ("alternatives"). Após a instalação, é desejável que você execute o /etc/cron.daily/mlocate manualmente para criar o banco de dados, caso contrário, o mlocate não funcionará até que o script seja executado pelo próprio cron (já que o mlocate não usa o mesmo arquivo de banco de dados que o locate padrão). Além disso, você também pode querer remover o pacote "locate" para não ter dois arquivos de banco de dados diferentes sendo atualizados regularmente no seu sistema.

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Mtools
Tools for manipulating MSDOS files
Maintainer: Chris Lamb
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bullseye4.0.24-1amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
stretch4.0.18-2amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
sid4.0.24-1amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
buster4.0.23-1amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
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adminfilesystem
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interfacecommandline
roleprogram
scopeutility
suitegnu
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Mtools is a collection of utilities to access MS-DOS disks from Unix without mounting them. It supports Win'95 style long file names, OS/2 Xdf disks, ZIP/JAZ disks and 2m disks (store up to 1992kB on a high density 3 1/2 disk).

Also included in this package are commands to eject and manipulate the write/password protection control of Zip disks.

Mtr
Full screen ncurses and X11 traceroute tool
Maintainer: Robert Woodcock
Versions of package mtr
ReleaseVersionArchitectures
stretch0.87-1amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
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interfacetext-mode, x11
networkscanner
roleprogram
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uitoolkitgtk, ncurses
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mtr combines the functionality of the 'traceroute' and 'ping' programs in a single network diagnostic tool.

As mtr starts, it investigates the network connection between the host mtr runs on and a user-specified destination host. After it determines the address of each network hop between the machines, it sends a sequence of ICMP ECHO requests to each one to determine the quality of the link to each machine. As it does this, it prints running statistics about each machine.

Other screenshots of package mtr
VersionURL
0.85-1https://screenshots.debian.net/screenshots/000/010/268/large.png
Screenshots of package mtr
Mtr-tiny
Full screen ncurses traceroute tool
Maintainer: Robert Woodcock
Versions of package mtr-tiny
ReleaseVersionArchitectures
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mtr combines the functionality of the 'traceroute' and 'ping' programs in a single network diagnostic tool.

As mtr starts, it investigates the network connection between the host mtr runs on and a user-specified destination host. After it determines the address of each network hop between the machines, it sends a sequence of ICMP ECHO requests to each one to determine the quality of the link to each machine. As it does this, it prints running statistics about each machine.

mtr-tiny is compiled without support for X and conserves disk space.

Other screenshots of package mtr-tiny
VersionURL
0.75-2https://screenshots.debian.net/screenshots/000/000/358/large.png
Screenshots of package mtr-tiny
Ncftp
cliente FTP com muitas funcionalidades e interface amigável
Maintainer: Noël Köthe
Versions of package ncftp
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upstream3.2.6
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Newer upstream!
License: DFSG free

Ncftp permite que o usuário transfira arquivos de e para um site remoto. Oferece alguns recursos adicionais que não são encontrados na interface padrão do FTP. Esta versão tem suporte ao Readline habilitado.

Screenshots of package ncftp
Nictools-pci
Diagnostic tools for many PCI Ethernet cards
Maintainer: Debian QA Group
Versions of package nictools-pci
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License: DFSG free

These tools can help you to diagnose problems with your Ethernet cards or - in some cases - give those cards the final hint, to work in your network.

 alta-diag     : Diagnostic and setup for the Sundance "Alta" NIC
 eepro100-diag : Diagnostic and setup for the Intel EEPro100 Ethernet cards
 epic-diag     : Diagnostics and EEPROM setup for the SMC EPIC-100
 myson-diag    : Diagnostic and setup for the Myson mtd803 Ethernet chip
 natsemi-diag  : Diagnostic and setup for the NatSemi DP83815 Ethernet chip
 ne2k-pci-diag : Diagnostics and EEPROM setup for PCI NE2000 clones
 ns820-diag    : Diagnostic and setup for the NatSemi DP83820 Ethernet chip
 pcnet-diag    : Diagnostic and setup for the AMD PCnet/PCI Ethernet chip
 rtl8139-diag  : Diagnostics and EEPROM setup for RealTek RTL8129/8139 chips
 starfire-diag : Diagnostic and setup for the Adaptec Starfire DuraLAN
 tulip-diag    : Diagnostic and setup for the Digital DC21x4* Ethernet chips
 via-diag      : Diagnostic and setup for the VIA Rhine vt86c100 and vt3043
                 Ethernet chips
 vortex-diag   : Diagnostics and EEPROM setup for the 3Com Vortex series
 winbond-diag  : Diagnostic and setup for the Winbond w89c840 Ethernet cards
 yellowfin-diag: Diagnostic and setup for the Packet Engines Yellowfin chips
 pci-config    : Show and manipulate PCI configuration space
Nmap
"The Network Mapper" - (O Mapeador de Rede)
Versions of package nmap
ReleaseVersionArchitectures
jessie6.47-3+deb8u2amd64,armel,armhf,i386
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sid7.80+dfsg1-5amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
bullseye7.80+dfsg1-5amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
wheezy6.00-0.3+deb7u1amd64,armel,armhf,i386,ia64,kfreebsd-amd64,kfreebsd-i386,mips,mipsel,powerpc,s390,s390x,sparc
buster7.70+dfsg1-6+deb10u1amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
stretch7.40-1amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
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adminmonitoring
interfacecommandline
networkscanner
roleprogram
scopeutility
usescanning
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Nmap é um utilitário para exploração de rede ou auditoria de segurança. Ele suporta varredura de ping (determina quais máquinas estão ligadas), diversas técnicas de varredura de porta, detecção de versão (determina protocolos de serviço e versões de aplicação escutando atrás das portas), identificação de TCP/IP (SO da máquina remota ou identificação de dispositivo). Nmap também oferece especificação flexível de porta e alvo, varredura "decoy/stealth", varredura sunRPC, e mais. A maioria das plataformas Unix e Windows são suportadas em ambos os modos GUI e linha de comando. Vários dispositivos "handheld" populares também são suportados, incluindo o Sharp Zaurus e o iPAQ.

Screenshots of package nmap
Nullidentd
small, fast identd daemon
Maintainer: Jeroen Schot
Versions of package nullidentd
ReleaseVersionArchitectures
sid1.0-5amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
squeeze1.0-4amd64,armel,i386,ia64,kfreebsd-amd64,kfreebsd-i386,mips,mipsel,powerpc,s390,sparc
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stretch1.0-5amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
buster1.0-5amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
bullseye1.0-5amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
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networkservice
roleprogram
scopeutility
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License: DFSG free

nullidentd is a small, fast and secure identd daemon. It returns a static string for every query.

Openbsd-inetd
superservidor de Internet OpenBSD
Maintainer: Marco d'Itri
Versions of package openbsd-inetd
ReleaseVersionArchitectures
bullseye0.20160825-4amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
sid0.20160825-4amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
squeeze0.20080125-6amd64,armel,i386,ia64,kfreebsd-amd64,kfreebsd-i386,mips,mipsel,powerpc,s390,sparc
wheezy0.20091229-2amd64,armel,armhf,i386,ia64,kfreebsd-amd64,kfreebsd-i386,mips,mipsel,powerpc,s390,s390x,sparc
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buster0.20160825-4amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
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O servidor inetd é um programa daemon de rede especializado em gerenciar conexões de rede entrantes. Seu arquivo de configuração diz qual programa precisa ser executado quando uma conexão entrante é recebida. Qualquer porta de serviço pode ser configurada para qualquer um dos protocolos tcp ou udp.

Este é um porte do daemon OpenBSD com alguns recursos específicos do Debian. Esse pacote tem suporte a IPv6, controle de acesso com libwrap embutido, escuta em endereços específicos, sockets de domínio UNIX e ajuste de buffers dos sockets.

Screenshots of package openbsd-inetd
Pciutils
utilitários PCI
Maintainer: Guillem Jover
Versions of package pciutils
ReleaseVersionArchitectures
bullseye3.7.0-2amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
jessie3.2.1-3amd64,armel,armhf,i386
buster3.5.2-1amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
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interfacecommandline
roleprogram
scopeutility
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Este pacote contém vários utilitários para inspeção e configuração de dispositivos conectados ao barramento PCI.

Procinfo
tools to display information from /proc and /sys
Maintainer: Debian QA Group
Versions of package procinfo
ReleaseVersionArchitectures
sid2.0.304-4amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
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uitoolkitncurses
usemonitor
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This package provides three small programs that gather system information from diverse files under /proc and /sys and print it to the screen:

  • lsdev - information from /proc about installed hardware;
  • procinfo - system monitoring statistics from /proc and /sys;
  • socklist - a summary of open network sockets from /proc/net.
Screenshots of package procinfo
Procmail
Processador de e-mail versátil
Maintainer: Santiago Vila
Versions of package procmail
ReleaseVersionArchitectures
squeeze3.22-19amd64,armel,i386,ia64,kfreebsd-amd64,kfreebsd-i386,mips,mipsel,powerpc,s390,sparc
sid3.22-26amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
bullseye3.22-26amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
buster3.22-26amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
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interfacecommandline
maildelivery-agent, filters
roleprogram
scopeutility
works-withmail
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Pode ser usado para criar servidores de mensagens, listas de discussão, classificar suas mensagens de entrada em pastas ou arquivos separados (muito conveniente quando se assina uma ou mais listas de discussão ou para priorizar suas mensagens), processar previamente suas mensagens, iniciar qualquer programa quando uma mensagem chega (e.g. gerar diferentes sons na sua estação de trabalho para diferentes tipos de mensagem) ou seletivamente encaminhar certas mensagens automaticamente para alguém.

Screenshots of package procmail
Psmisc
utilitários que usam o sistema de arquivos proc
Maintainer: Craig Small
Versions of package psmisc
ReleaseVersionArchitectures
squeeze22.11-1amd64,armel,i386,ia64,kfreebsd-amd64,kfreebsd-i386,mips,mipsel,powerpc,s390,sparc
wheezy22.19-1+deb7u1amd64,armel,armhf,i386,ia64,kfreebsd-amd64,kfreebsd-i386,mips,mipsel,powerpc,s390,s390x,sparc
jessie22.21-2amd64,armel,armhf,i386
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sid23.3-1amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
Debtags of package psmisc:
adminmonitoring
interfacecommandline, text-mode
roleprogram
scopeutility
uitoolkitncurses
usechecking, monitor
works-withsoftware:running
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Este pacote contém vários utilitários que usam o sistema de arquivos proc:

  • fuser: identifica processos que estão usando arquivos ou soquetes.
  • killall: mata processos pelo nome (e.g. "killall -HUP nome").
  • peekfd: mostra os dados que passam por um descritor de arquivo.
  • pstree: mostra os processos em execução no momento em forma de árvore.
  • prtstat: exibe o conteúdo de /proc//stat
Resolvconf
manipulador de informações de servidor de nomes
Maintainer: resolvconf team
Versions of package resolvconf
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squeeze1.46all
sid1.82all
bullseye1.82all
buster1.79all
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jessie1.76.1all
wheezy1.67all
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interfacecommandline
networkconfiguration
roleprogram
useconfiguring
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License: DFSG free
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Resolvconf é uma infraestrutura para manter os dados do sistema do servidor de nomes atualizado. Ele configura a si próprio como um intermediário entre programas que fornecem esta informação (como o ifup e ifdown, clientes DHCP, daemon PPP e servidores de nomes locais) e programas que usam esta informação (como caches DNS e bibliotecas do resolvedor).

Este pacote pode requerer alguma configuração manual. Favor ler o arquivo README para mais informações.

The package is enhanced by the following packages: resolvconf-admin
Rsync
ferramenta rápida e versátil para cópia de arquivos remotos e locais
Maintainer: Paul Slootman
Versions of package rsync
ReleaseVersionArchitectures
sid3.2.3-1amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
wheezy-security3.0.9-4+deb7u2amd64,armel,armhf,i386
bullseye3.2.2-2amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
buster3.1.3-6amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
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Debtags of package rsync:
adminbackup, file-distribution
interfacecommandline, daemon
networkclient, server
roleprogram
usecomparing, downloading, synchronizing
works-withfile
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rsync é uma ferramenta rápida e versátil para cópia de arquivos. Pode copiar tanto na própria máquina quanto de/para uma máquina remota. Ele oferece muitas opções para controlar sua utlização e seu protocolo de atualização remota pode minimizar o tráfego de rede ao fazer uma atualização transferindo arquivos entre as máquinas de maneira rápida e eficiente.

Ele é largamente utilizado para cópias de segurança (backups), espelhamento de dados (mirroring) e como um comando de cópia melhorado para uso diariamente.

Este pacote fornece tanto a ferramenta de linha de comando rsync quanto, opcionalmente, a funcionalidade de um daemon.

Rsyslog
daemon de log de kernel e sistema confiável
Maintainer: Michael Biebl
Versions of package rsyslog
ReleaseVersionArchitectures
sid8.2006.0-2amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
wheezy5.8.11-3+deb7u2amd64,armel,armhf,i386,ia64,kfreebsd-amd64,kfreebsd-i386,mips,mipsel,powerpc,s390,s390x,sparc
wheezy-security5.8.11-3+deb7u2amd64,armel,armhf,i386
squeeze4.6.4-2amd64,armel,i386,ia64,kfreebsd-amd64,kfreebsd-i386,mips,mipsel,powerpc,s390,sparc
jessie8.4.2-1+deb8u2amd64,armel,armhf,i386
jessie-security8.4.2-1+deb8u3amd64,armel,armhf,i386
stretch8.24.0-1amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
buster8.1901.0-1amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
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Rsyslog é uma implementação multi-thread do syslogd (um utilitário de sistema que fornece suporte a logs de mensagem), com funcionalidades que incluem:

  • syslog confiável sobre TCP, SSL/TLS e RELP
  • buffer de disco sob-demanda
  • alerta por email
  • escrita em bancos MySQL ou PostgreSQL (via plugins de saída a parte)
  • listas de "sender" permitidos
  • filtragem de qualquer parte do syslog
  • compressão de mensagens no fio
  • controle de formato de saída refinado
  • failover para destinos de backup
  • relay de syslog criptografado de classe de empreendimento

É o syslogd padrão de sistemas Debian.

Screen
multiplexador de terminal com emulação do terminal VT100/ANSI
Maintainer: Axel Beckert
Versions of package screen
ReleaseVersionArchitectures
wheezy4.1.0~20120320gitdb59704-7+deb7u1amd64,armel,armhf,i386,ia64,kfreebsd-amd64,kfreebsd-i386,mips,mipsel,powerpc,s390,s390x,sparc
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stretch4.5.0-6amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
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hardwareinput:keyboard
interfacetext-mode
roleprogram
scopeutility
suitegnu
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GNU Screen é um multiplexador de terminal que executa diversas "telas" separadas em um único terminal físico baseado em caracteres. Cada terminal virtual emula um DEC VT100 e mais diversas funções ANSI X3.64 e ISO 2022. As sessões do Screen podem ser destacadas e continuadas mais tarde em um terminal diferente.

Screen também suporta uma enorme quantidade de outros recursos, incluindo translação de entrada e saída configurável, suporte a porta serial, registro ("log") configurável, e suporte multi-usuário.

The package is enhanced by the following packages: byobu iselect liquidprompt
Other screenshots of package screen
VersionURL
4.0.3-11https://screenshots.debian.net/screenshots/000/000/023/large.png
Screenshots of package screen
Smartmontools
controle e monitore sistemas de armazenamento usando S.M.A.R.T.
Maintainer: Dmitry Smirnov
Versions of package smartmontools
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stretch6.5+svn4324-1amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
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jessie6.3+svn4002-2amd64,armel,armhf,i386
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O pacote smartmontools contém dois programas utilitários (smartctl e smartd) para controlar e monitorar sistemas de armazenamento usando o Self-Monitoring, Analysis and Reporting Technology System (S.M.A.R.T.) que acompanha a maioria dos discos rígidos ATA e SCSI atuais. Ele é derivado do pacote smartsuite e inclui suporte a discos ATA/ATAPI-5. Ele deveria funcionar em qualquer sistema Linux moderno.

Strace
rastreador de chamadas de sistema
Maintainer: Steve McIntyre
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bullseye5.5-3amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
upstream5.8
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O strace é um rastreador de chamadas de sistema (system calls), isto é, uma ferramenta para depuração que exibe um rastro para todas as chamadas de sistema realizadas por outro processo/programa. O programa a ser rastreado não precisa ser recompilado para isso, então você pode utilizá-lo em binários para os quais você não tem o código fonte.

As chamadas de sistema e os sinais são eventos que ocorrem na interface do usuário/kernel. Uma análise desta fronteira é muito útil para isolamento de erros (bugs), checagem de sanidade e para tentativas de capturar condições de corrida (race conditions).

Screenshots of package strace
Sysfsutils
sysfs query tool and boot-time setup
Maintainer: Guillem Jover
Versions of package sysfsutils
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buster2.1.0+repack-5amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
sid2.1.0+repack-6amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
bullseye2.1.0+repack-6amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
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The sysfs is a virtual file system found in Linux kernels 2.5+ that provides a tree of system devices. This package provides the program 'systool' to query it, which can be used to list devices by bus, class, and topology.

In addition this package ships a configuration file /etc/sysfs.conf which allows one to conveniently set sysfs attributes at system bootup (via an init script).

Tcpdump
analisador de tráfego de rede em linha de comando
Maintainer: Romain Francoise
Versions of package tcpdump
ReleaseVersionArchitectures
wheezy4.3.0-1+deb7u2amd64,armel,armhf,i386,ia64,kfreebsd-amd64,kfreebsd-i386,mips,mipsel,powerpc,s390,s390x,sparc
sid4.9.3-6amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
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stretch-security4.9.3-1~deb9u1amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386
stretch4.9.3-1~deb9u1amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
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squeeze4.1.1-1amd64,armel,i386,ia64,kfreebsd-amd64,kfreebsd-i386,mips,mipsel,powerpc,s390,sparc
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networkscanner
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works-withnetwork-traffic
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Programa para fazer descarga ("dump") de tráfego de uma rede. O tcpdump é capaz de examinar IPv4, ICMPv4, IPv6, ICMPv6, UDP, TCP, SNMP, AFS BGP, RIP, PIM, DVMRP, IGMP, SMB, OSPF, NFS e muitos outros tipos de pacotes.

Ele pode ser usado para exibir os cabeçalhos de pacotes de uma interface de rede, filtrar pacotes que combinam ("match") com certas expressões. Você pode usar esta ferramenta para rastrear problemas de rede, detectar ataques ou monitorar atividade de rede.

The package is enhanced by the following packages: pcapfix
Screenshots of package tcpdump
Tcptraceroute
implementação do traceroute usando pacotes TCP
Maintainer: Martin Zobel-Helas
Versions of package tcptraceroute
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jessie1.5beta7+debian-4amd64,armel,armhf,i386
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wheezy1.5beta7+debian-4amd64,armel,armhf,i386,ia64,kfreebsd-amd64,kfreebsd-i386,mips,mipsel,powerpc,s390,s390x,sparc
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O traceroute(8) mais tradicional envia ou pacotes UDP ou ICMP ECHO com um TTL de um, e o TTL é incrementado até que o destino seja alcançado. Ao imprimir os gateways que geram as mensagens ICMP de tempo expirado ao longo do percurso, ele é capaz de determinar o caminho que os pacotes percorrem para alcançar o destino.

O problema é que com o aumento do uso de firewalls na internet moderna muitos dos pacotes enviados pelo traceroute(8) são filtrados, tornando impossível o rastreamento completo do caminho até o destino. Entretanto, em muitos casos, estes firewalls permitem entrada de pacotes TCP para portas específicas as quais os hosts posicionados atrás do firewall aguardam por uma solicitação de conexão. Ao enviar pacotes TCP SYN ao invés de pacotes UDP ou ICMP ECHO, tcptraceroute é capaz de transpassar os filtros mais comuns dos firewalls.

Vim
Vi IMproved - editor vi melhorado
Versions of package vim
ReleaseVersionArchitectures
stretch8.0.0197-4+deb9u3amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
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wheezy7.3.547-7amd64,armel,armhf,i386,ia64,kfreebsd-amd64,kfreebsd-i386,mips,mipsel,powerpc,s390,s390x,sparc
squeeze7.2.445+hg~cb94c42c0e1a-1amd64,armel,i386,ia64,kfreebsd-amd64,kfreebsd-i386,mips,mipsel,powerpc,s390,sparc
sid8.2.0716-3amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
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stretch-security8.0.0197-4+deb9u3amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386
upstream8.2.1405
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develeditor
interfacecommandline, text-mode
roleprogram
scopeapplication
uitoolkitncurses
useediting
works-withtext, unicode
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Vim é uma versão quase compatível com o editor Vi do UNIX.

Muitos recursos novos foram adicionados: desfazer múltiplo, realce de sintaxe, histórico de linha de comando, ajuda on-line, completação de nome de arquivos, operações de bloco, dobraduras ("folding"), suporte a Unicode, etc.

Este pacote contém uma versão do vim compilada com um conjunto de recursos bem padrão. Este pacote não fornece uma versão GUI do Vim. Veja os outros pacotes vim-* se você precisa de mais (ou menos).

The package is enhanced by the following packages: halibut notmuch tpp vim-latexsuite vim-scripts

Official Debian packages with lower relevance

Apticron
Simple tool to mail about pending package updates - cron version
Versions of package apticron
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jessie1.1.57all
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adminpackage-management
networkserver
roleprogram
suitedebian
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Apticron is a simple script which sends daily emails about pending package updates such as security updates, properly handling packages on hold both by dselect and aptitude.

Cpqarrayd
monitoring tool for HP (Compaq) SmartArray controllers
Maintainer: Debian QA Group
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jessie2.3-3amd64,armel,armhf,i386
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cpqarrayd is a userspace monitoring daemon for HP (Compaq) SmartArray hardware RAID controllers. These controllers usually come built-in to ProLiant, or as a PCI card for ProLiant or Integrity systems. This daemon reports status changes in the disk array to syslog and, optionally, to a snmp trap host.

The default is to only log to the syslog. You can specify traphosts with the -t parameter at the commandline. Multiple traphosts are allowed.

This tool works with the SmartArray drivers found in Linux kernels (cciss and ida drivers).

Cron-apt
atualizador automático de pacotes usando o apt-get
Maintainer: Ola Lundqvist
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bullseye0.13.0all
squeeze0.8.2all
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stretch0.10.0all
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Contém uma ferramenta que é executada regularmente por uma tarefa do cron. Por padrão, ela apenas atualiza a lista de pacotes e baixa os novos pacotes sem instalá-los. Você pode instruí-la para executar qualquer ação que seja possível de ser realizada com apt-get (ou aptitude).

Opcionalmente, ele pode enviar e-mail para o administrador de sistemas com erros, registrar no syslog ou em um arquivo de log separado.

Observe que esta ferramenta pode ser um risco de segurança, então não a mande fazer mais do que o necessário. Atualização de todos os pacotes NÃO é recomendada a menos que você tenha total controle do repositório de pacotes.

Debian-goodies
Small toolbox-style utilities for Debian systems
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interfacecommandline
roleprogram
scopeutility
suitedebian
usesearching
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These programs are designed to integrate with standard shell tools, extending them to operate on the Debian packaging system.

 dglob  - Generate a list of package names which match a pattern
          [dctrl-tools, apt*, apt-file*, perl*]
 dgrep  - Search all files in specified packages for a regex
          [dctrl-tools, apt-file (both via dglob)]

These are also included, because they are useful and don't justify their own packages:

 check-enhancements
            - find packages which enhance installed packages [apt,
               dctrl-tools]
 checkrestart
            - Help to find and restart processes which are using old versions
              of upgraded files (such as libraries) [python3, procps, lsof*]
 debget     - Fetch a .deb for a package in APT's database [apt]
 debman     - Easily view man pages from a binary .deb without extracting
              [man, apt* (via debget)]
 debmany    - Select manpages of installed or uninstalled packages [man |
              sensible-utils, whiptail | dialog | zenity, apt*, konqueror*,
              xdg-utils*]
 dhomepage  - Open homepage of a package in a web browser [dctrl-tools,
              sensible-utils*, www-browser* | x-www-browser*]
 dman       - Fetch manpages from online manpages.debian.org service [curl,
              man, lsb-release*]
 dpigs      - Show which installed packages occupy the most space
              [dctrl-tools]
 find-dbgsym-packages
            - Get list of dbgsym packages from core dump or PID. [dctrl-tools,
              elfutils, libfile-which-perl, libipc-system-simple-perl,
              libfile-slurper-perl]
              Usage of the --ssh option requires openssh-client.
              Usage of the --deb option requires equivs.
 popbugs    - Display a customized release-critical bug list based on
              packages you use (using popularity-contest data) [python3,
              popularity-contest]
 which-pkg-broke
            - find which package might have broken another [python3, apt]
 which-pkg-broke-build
            - find which package might have broken the build of another
              [python3 (via which-pkg-broke), apt]

Package name in brackets denote (non-essential) dependencies of the scripts. Packages names with an asterisk ("*") denote optional dependencies, all other are hard dependencies.

Hard dependencies of single tools are listed in the Recommends field of the package and optional dependencies of single tools in the Suggests field -- as common with many "collection" style Debian packages.

Debsecan
Debian Security Analyzer
Maintainer: Florian Weimer
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sid0.4.20.1all
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adminmonitoring
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roleprogram
scopeutility
suitedebian
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works-withsoftware:package
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debsecan is a tool to generate a list of vulnerabilities which affect a particular Debian installation. debsecan runs on the host which is to be checked, and downloads vulnerability information over the Internet. It can send mail to interested parties when new vulnerabilities are discovered or when security updates become available.

Dpt-i2o-raidutils
utilitários de gerenciamento de hardware RAID Adaptec I20
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squeeze0.0.6-11amd64,armel,i386,mips,mipsel,powerpc,s390,sparc
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roleprogram
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useconfiguring
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Conjunto de programas para gerenciar algumas controladoras RAID I2O-compatível; em particular, alguns hardwares da Adaptec; para ser mais específico aqueles que utilizam o módulo do kernel dpt_i2o ou o driver CONFIG_SCSI_DPT_I2O, ou (para os kernels mais atuais) os módulos i2o_block e i2o_config, ou os drivers CONFIG_I2O_BLOCK e CONFIG_I2O_CONFIG. Pode-se criar/excluir um array RAID, adicionar/remover uma unidade 'hot spare' para/de um array, ativar/desativar o alarme e consultar o status do array/discos.

Emacs
GNU Emacs editor (metapackage)
Maintainer: Rob Browning
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suiteemacs, gnu
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GNU Emacs is the extensible self-documenting text editor. This is a metapackage that will always depend on the latest recommended Emacs variant (currently emacs-gtk).

The package is enhanced by the following packages: elpa-ac-rtags elpa-ace-link elpa-ace-popup-menu elpa-ace-window elpa-adaptive-wrap elpa-ag elpa-agda2-mode elpa-aggressive-indent elpa-anzu elpa-apache-mode elpa-apiwrap elpa-assess elpa-async elpa-atomic-chrome elpa-ats2-mode elpa-auto-dictionary elpa-avy elpa-avy-menu elpa-bar-cursor elpa-beacon elpa-beginend elpa-bind-chord elpa-bind-key elpa-bind-map elpa-bm elpa-boxquote elpa-browse-kill-ring elpa-bug-hunter elpa-buttercup elpa-char-menu elpa-cider elpa-clojure-mode elpa-clojure-mode-extra-font-locking elpa-closql elpa-clues-theme elpa-color-theme-modern elpa-company elpa-company-lsp elpa-company-rtags elpa-concurrent elpa-counsel elpa-csv-mode elpa-ctable elpa-cycle-quotes elpa-db elpa-debian-el elpa-debpaste elpa-deferred elpa-deft elpa-devscripts elpa-dictionary elpa-diff-hl elpa-diffview elpa-diminish elpa-dimmer elpa-dired-du elpa-dired-quick-sort elpa-dired-rsync elpa-discover-my-major elpa-dockerfile-mode elpa-dpkg-dev-el elpa-dumb-jump elpa-ebib elpa-ediprolog elpa-editorconfig elpa-el-mock elpa-el-x elpa-elfeed elpa-elfeed-web elpa-elisp-refs elpa-elisp-slime-nav elpa-elm-mode elpa-elpy elpa-emacsql elpa-emacsql-mysql elpa-emacsql-psql elpa-emacsql-sqlite elpa-emacsql-sqlite3 elpa-engine-mode elpa-epc elpa-epl elpa-eproject elpa-ert-async elpa-ert-expectations elpa-esh-help elpa-eshell-bookmark elpa-eshell-git-prompt elpa-eshell-prompt-extras elpa-eshell-up elpa-eshell-z elpa-esup elpa-esxml elpa-evil elpa-evil-paredit elpa-exec-path-from-shell elpa-expand-region elpa-eyebrowse elpa-f elpa-faceup elpa-fill-column-indicator elpa-find-file-in-project elpa-flx elpa-flx-ido elpa-flycheck elpa-flycheck-package elpa-flycheck-rtags elpa-folding elpa-fountain-mode elpa-fsm elpa-geiser elpa-ggtags elpa-ghub elpa-ghub+ elpa-git-annex elpa-git-commit elpa-git-messenger elpa-git-modes elpa-git-timemachine elpa-gitattributes-mode elpa-gitconfig-mode elpa-gitignore-mode elpa-gitlab-ci-mode elpa-gnuplot-mode elpa-golden-ratio elpa-goo elpa-goto-chg elpa-graphql elpa-graphviz-dot-mode elpa-haskell-tab-indent elpa-helm elpa-helm-ag elpa-helm-core elpa-helm-org elpa-helm-projectile elpa-helm-rtags elpa-helm-virtualenvwrapper elpa-helpful elpa-highlight-indentation elpa-highlight-numbers elpa-hl-todo elpa-ht elpa-htmlize elpa-hungry-delete elpa-hydra elpa-ibuffer-projectile elpa-ibuffer-vc elpa-ido-completing-read+ elpa-ido-ubiquitous elpa-ido-vertical-mode elpa-iedit elpa-imenu-list elpa-initsplit elpa-irony elpa-ivy elpa-ivy-hydra elpa-ivy-rtags elpa-jabber elpa-jedi elpa-jedi-core elpa-jinja2-mode elpa-js2-mode elpa-key-chord elpa-kv elpa-let-alist elpa-linum-relative elpa-load-relative elpa-loop elpa-lsp-haskell elpa-lsp-mode elpa-lsp-ui elpa-lv elpa-m-buffer elpa-magit elpa-magit-annex elpa-magit-forge elpa-magit-popup elpa-magit-todos elpa-magithub elpa-mailscripts elpa-makey elpa-markdown-mode elpa-markdown-toc elpa-memoize elpa-meson-mode elpa-message-templ elpa-migemo elpa-minimap elpa-mocker elpa-modus-themes elpa-monokai-theme elpa-move-text elpa-muse elpa-mutt-alias elpa-muttrc-mode elpa-neotree elpa-no-littering elpa-noflet elpa-nose elpa-nov elpa-olivetti elpa-openwith elpa-org elpa-org-bullets elpa-org-roam elpa-orgalist elpa-ox-texinfo+ elpa-package-lint elpa-package-lint-flymake elpa-paredit elpa-paredit-everywhere elpa-parent-mode elpa-parsebib elpa-pcre2el elpa-persist elpa-persp-projectile elpa-perspective elpa-pg elpa-php-mode elpa-pip-requirements elpa-pkg-info elpa-pod-mode elpa-pointback elpa-popup elpa-pos-tip elpa-powerline elpa-project elpa-projectile elpa-ps-ccrypt elpa-puppet-mode elpa-py-autopep8 elpa-py-isort elpa-python-environment elpa-pyvenv elpa-qml-mode elpa-queue elpa-racket-mode elpa-rainbow-delimiters elpa-rainbow-identifiers elpa-rainbow-mode elpa-recursive-narrow elpa-redtick elpa-restart-emacs elpa-rich-minority elpa-rtags elpa-rust-mode elpa-s elpa-seq elpa-sesman elpa-session elpa-shut-up elpa-simple-httpd elpa-smart-mode-line elpa-smart-mode-line-powerline-theme elpa-smeargle elpa-smex elpa-sml-mode elpa-solarized-theme elpa-spinner elpa-suggest elpa-super-save elpa-swiper elpa-sxiv elpa-system-packages elpa-systemd elpa-tabbar elpa-transient elpa-transmission elpa-treepy elpa-tuareg elpa-undercover elpa-undo-tree elpa-use-package elpa-use-package-chords elpa-use-package-ensure-system-package elpa-uuid elpa-vala-mode elpa-vc-fossil elpa-verbiste elpa-vimish-fold elpa-virtualenvwrapper elpa-visual-fill-column elpa-visual-regexp elpa-wc-mode elpa-web-mode elpa-websocket elpa-weechat elpa-wgrep elpa-wgrep-ack elpa-wgrep-ag elpa-wgrep-helm elpa-which-key elpa-with-editor elpa-with-simulated-input elpa-world-time-mode elpa-writegood-mode elpa-ws-butler elpa-xcite elpa-xcscope elpa-xml-rpc elpa-xr elpa-yaml-mode elpa-yasnippet elpa-zenburn-theme elpa-ztree elpa-zzz-to-char emms expand-region-el liquidsoap-mode notmuch rabbit-mode rail vala-mode-el
Gdb
GNU Debugger
Versions of package gdb
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squeeze7.0.1-2amd64,armel,i386,ia64,kfreebsd-amd64,kfreebsd-i386,mips,mipsel,powerpc,s390,sparc
buster8.2.1-2amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
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Debtags of package gdb:
develdebugger, lang:c, lang:c++, lang:fortran, lang:java
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GDB é um depurador a nível de código fonte capaz de quebrar programas em qualquer linha específica, exibindo valores de variáveis ​​e determinando onde os erros ocorreram. Atualmente, gdb suporta as linguagens de programação C, C++, D, Objective-C, Fortran, Java, OpenCL C, Pascal, assembly, Modula-2, Go e Ada. Um software indispensável para qualquer programador sério.

The package is enhanced by the following packages: monodevelop-debugger-gdb
Screenshots of package gdb
Isag
construtor de gráficos de atividade de sistema interativo para o sysstat
Maintainer: Robert Luberda
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Este pacote fornece o comando isag, que exibe graficamente os dados da atividade de sistema armazenados em logs binários produzidos pelo sar (do pacote sysstat).

Kexec-tools
tools to support fast kexec reboots
Maintainer: Khalid Aziz
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This package provides tools to load a kernel into memory and then "reboot" directly into that kernel using the kexec system call, bypassing the normal boot process.

The package is enhanced by the following packages: molly-guard
Mpt-status
obtém o status do RAID a partir de controladores HW RAID mpt (e outros)
Maintainer: Debian QA Group
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O software mpt-status é uma ferramenta de consulta para acessar a configuração e o status de LSI SCSI HBAs. O mpt-status permite a monitoração da saúde e status de sua configuração RAID.

Nvram-wakeup
Read/write the WakeUp time from/to the BIOS
Maintainer: Debian VDR Team
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nvram-wakeup can read and write the wake up time in the BIOS (via /dev/nvram on recent 2.4.x kernels or direct I/O port access). On this wake up time the computer will be powered on automatically from the soft-off state. For the video disc recorder VDR, nvram-wakeup installs a hook script, that allows VDR to set a wake up time, when it powers down.

Popularity-contest
vote em seus pacotes favoritos automaticamente
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interfacecommandline
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suitedebian
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O pacote popularity-contest (concurso de popularidade) configura uma tarefa no cron que periodicamente e de forma anônima, enviará estatísticas aos desenvolvedores Debian sobre os pacotes Debian mais usados neste sistema.

Essa informação ajuda o Debian a tomar decisões tais como quais pacotes devem ir no primeiro CD do Debian. Além disso, o Debian pode melhorar versões futuras para que os pacotes mais populares sejam os que serão instalados automaticamente para novos usuários.

Raidutils
Transition Package, raidutils to dpt-i2o-raidutils
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The Adaptec I2O RAID hardware utilities package has been renamed. This dummy dependency package helps transition from raidutils to dpt-i2o-raidutils.

Rsyslog-doc
documentation for rsyslog
Maintainer: Michael Biebl
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This package contains detailed HTML documentation for rsyslog.

It describes the general configuration file syntax for filters, actions, templates, etc, and has detailed information for all available configuration directives.

Valgrind
instrumentation framework for building dynamic analysis tools
Maintainer: Alessandro Ghedini
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Valgrind is a system for debugging and profiling Linux programs. With its tool suite you can automatically detect many memory management and threading bugs, avoiding hours of frustrating bug-hunting and making your programs more stable. You can also perform detailed profiling to help speed up your programs and use Valgrind to build new tools.

The Valgrind distribution currently includes six production-quality tools:

  • a memory error detector (Memcheck)
  • two thread error detectors (Helgrind and DRD)
  • a cache and branch-prediction profiler (Cachegrind)
  • a call-graph generating cache and branch-prediction profiler (Callgrind)
  • a heap profiler (Massif) It also includes three experimental tools:

  • a stack/global array overrun detector (SGCheck)

  • a second heap profiler that examines how heap blocks are used (DHAT)
  • a SimPoint basic block vector generator (BBV)
Screenshots of package valgrind
Wireshark
network traffic analyzer - meta-package
Maintainer: Balint Reczey
Versions of package wireshark
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interfacex11
networkscanner
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scopeutility
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Wireshark is a network "sniffer" - a tool that captures and analyzes packets off the wire. Wireshark can decode too many protocols to list here.

This is a meta-package for Wireshark.

The package is enhanced by the following packages: pcapfix
Other screenshots of package wireshark
VersionURL
2.6.8-1https://screenshots.debian.net/screenshots/000/017/035/large.png
Screenshots of package wireshark
*Popularitycontest results: number of people who use this package regularly (number of people who upgraded this package recently) out of 193693