Debian Edu Project
Summary
Networked common
Debian Edu common packages for networked systems

A metapackage containing dependencies for packages required on all networked installations (workstation, roaming-workstation, minimal, LTSP-server and main-server) in the Debian Edu Blend.

Description

For a better overview of the project's availability as a Debian package, each head row has a color code according to this scheme:

If you discover a project which looks like a good candidate for Debian Edu to you, or if you have prepared an unofficial Debian package, please do not hesitate to send a description of that project to the Debian Edu mailing list

Links to other tasks

Debian Edu Networked common packages

Official Debian packages with high relevance

Autofs-ldap
LDAP map support for autofs
Maintainer: Mike Gabriel
Versions of package autofs-ldap
ReleaseVersionArchitectures
buster5.1.2-4amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
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sid5.1.7-1amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
wheezy5.0.7-3amd64,armel,armhf,i386,ia64,mips,mipsel,powerpc,s390,s390x,sparc
jessie5.0.8-2+deb8u1amd64,armel,armhf,i386
stretch5.1.2-1amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
Debtags of package autofs-ldap:
adminfilesystem
interfacedaemon
roleprogram
scopeutility
works-withdb
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Autofs controls the operation of the automount daemons. The automount daemons automatically mount filesystems when they are used and unmount them after a period of inactivity. This is done based on a set of pre-configured maps.

The kernel automounter implements an almost complete SunOS style automounter under Linux. A recent version of the kernel autofs4 module (builtin or separate) is required.

This is the LDAP module of the autofs.

Cups-browsed
OpenPrinting CUPS Filters - cups-browsed
Versions of package cups-browsed
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This package provides cups-browsed, a daemon which browses the Bonjour broadcasts of shared remote CUPS printers and makes the printers available locally, replacing the CUPS broadcasting/browsing which was dropped in CUPS 1.6.x. This way the old behavior of having the remote printers available automatically is now re-implemented with Bonjour.

cups-browsed is also useful with a CUPS >= 1.6 client to allow the latter to browse the printer list of CUPS < 1.6 servers (by using the old 'cups' protocol in BrowseRemoteProtocols).

cups-browsed is also useful with a CUPS >= 1.6 server to allow CUPS < 1.6 clients to browse its printer list (by using the old 'cups' protocol in BrowseLocalProtocols).

Cups-core-drivers
Common UNIX Printing System(tm) - driverless printing
Versions of package cups-core-drivers
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The Common UNIX Printing System (or CUPS(tm)) is a printing system and general replacement for lpd and the like. It supports the Internet Printing Protocol (IPP), and has its own filtering driver model for handling various document types.

This package provides the parts of CUPS which are needed for driverless printing on IPP printers with common data formats.

Education-common
Debian Edu common basic packages
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Debtags of package education-common:
rolemetapackage
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A metapackage containing dependencies for packages required on all installations in the Debian Edu Blend.

Killer
Background job killer
Versions of package killer
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adminautomation
roleprogram
scopeutility
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killer is a perl script that gets rid of background jobs. Background jobs are defined as processes that belong to users who are not currently logged into the machine. Jobs can be run in the background (and are exempt from killer's actions) if their scheduling priority has been reduced by increasing their nice(1) value or if they are being run through condor.

When the package is installed, a cron job is installed to run killer once an hour.

Krb5-user
basic programs to authenticate using MIT Kerberos
Maintainer: Sam Hartman
Versions of package krb5-user
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Debtags of package krb5-user:
adminlogin, user-management
interfacecommandline
networkclient
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securityauthentication
uselogin
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Kerberos is a system for authenticating users and services on a network. Kerberos is a trusted third-party service. That means that there is a third party (the Kerberos server) that is trusted by all the entities on the network (users and services, usually called "principals").

This is the MIT reference implementation of Kerberos V5.

This package contains the basic programs to authenticate to MIT Kerberos, change passwords, and talk to the admin server (to create and delete principals, list principals, etc.).

Ldap-utils
OpenLDAP utilities
Versions of package ldap-utils
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Debtags of package ldap-utils:
interfacecommandline
networkclient
roleprogram
scopeutility
works-withdb
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This package provides utilities from the OpenLDAP (Lightweight Directory Access Protocol) package. These utilities can access a local or remote LDAP server and contain all the client programs required to access LDAP servers.

Ldapvi
perform an LDAP search and update results using a text editor
Maintainer: Rhonda D'Vine
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uitoolkitncurses
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From a first glance ldapvi looks like ldapsearch: You search for entries in the ldap database. But the results get opened in your preferred editor, and you can change, add or delete entries from there. After you are done you quit the editor and ldapvi offers you several options: View your changes as LDIF, commit changes or discard them.

Libnss-ldapd
NSS module for using LDAP as a naming service
Maintainer: Arthur de Jong
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adminuser-management
roleplugin
securityauthentication
useconfiguring
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This package provides a Name Service Switch module that allows using an LDAP server to provide user account, group, host name, alias, netgroup, and basically any other information that would normally be retrieved from /etc flat files or NIS.

Libsasl2-modules-gssapi-mit
Cyrus SASL - pluggable authentication modules (GSSAPI)
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roleplugin
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This is the Cyrus SASL API implementation, version 2.1. See package libsasl2-2 and RFC 2222 for more information.

This package provides the GSSAPI plugin, compiled with the MIT Kerberos 5 library.

Munin-node
network-wide graphing framework (node)
Versions of package munin-node
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adminmonitoring
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Munin is a highly flexible and powerful solution used to create graphs of virtually everything imaginable throughout your network, while still maintaining a rattling ease of installation and configuration.

This package contains the daemon for the nodes being monitored. You should install it on all the nodes in your network. It will know how to extract all sorts of data from the node it runs on, and will wait for the gatherer to request this data for further processing.

Munin is written in Perl, and relies heavily on Tobi Oetiker's excellent RRDtool. To see a real example of Munin in action, you can follow a link from http://munin-monitoring.org/ to a live installation.

The package is enhanced by the following packages: unbound
Screenshots of package munin-node
Nfs-common
클라이언트와 서버에 공통적인 NFS 지원 파일
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클라언트 또 서버 모두, NFS를 사용하는 모든 머신은 이 패키지를 사용합니다. 다음 프로그램을 포함합니다: lockd, statd, showmount, nfsstat, gssd, idmapd, mount.nfs.

Ng-utils
명령행에서 netgroups에 액세스하기 위한 도구
Maintainer: Petter Reinholdtsen
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scopeutility
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netgroup 데이타베이스에서 호스트, 사용자, 도메인을 덤프하고 검색하기 위한 도구를 포함합니다. innetgr 도구가 주어진 사용자/호스트가 netgroup 멤버로 나 열되었는지 확인하는데 사용되는동안, netgroup 도구는 netgroup의 모든 멤버 목 록에 사용됩니다.

Nslcd
daemon for NSS and PAM lookups using LDAP
Maintainer: Arthur de Jong
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adminlogin, user-management
interfacedaemon
roleprogram
securityauthentication
useconfiguring
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This package provides a daemon for retrieving user accounts and similar system information from LDAP. It is used by the libnss-ldapd and libpam-ldapd packages but is not very useful by itself.

Nvram-wakeup
BIOS에 WakeUP 시간을 읽고/쓰기
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hardwarepower
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nvram-wakeup은 BIOS (최근 2.4.x 커널에서는 /dev/nvram을 통하거나 또는 직접 I/O 포트 엑세스를 통해서)에서 wake up 시간을 읽고 쓸 수 있습니다. 이 wake up 시간에 컴퓨터는 soft-off 상태에서 자동으로 전원이 켜집니다. 비디오 디스 크 레코더 VDR의 경우, nvram-wakeup은 전원이 꺼지면 wake up 시간을 설정할 수 있는 hook 스크립트를 설치합니다.

Openssh-server
외부 머신으로 부터의 보안 액세스를 허용하기 위한, secure sheel (SSH) 서버
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이것은 IETF SecSH working 그룹에서 정의된 Secure Shell 프로토콜의 자유로운 사용을 위한 이식가능한 OpenSSH 버전입니다.

ssh (secure shell)은 외부 머신에 로그인하고 외부 머신에 명령을 실행하기 위 한 프로그램입니다. 이것은 보호되지 않는 네트워크에서 취약한 두 호스트 사이 에 보안 암호 통신을 제공합니다. X11 연결과 임의의 TCP/IP 포트를 보안 채널을 통해 포워드 할 수 있습니다. 이것은 보안 통신 채널을 가진 어플리케이션을 제 공하는데 사용될 수도 있습니다.

이 패키지는 sshd 서버를 제공합니다.

몇몇 나라에서는, 특별히 허락을 받지 않으면 암호화 사용은 종류를 막론하고 불 법일 수 있습니다.

sshd는 이제는 대부분 사용하지 않는, 안전하지 않은 rshd 프로그램을 대체합니다.

P910nd
small printer daemon intended for diskless workstations
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p910nd is a small daemon that copies any data received on the port it is listening on to the corresponding printer port.

It is primarily intended for diskless Linux hosts running as printer drivers but there is no reason why it could not be used on diskful hosts.

Port 9100 is copied to /dev/lp0, 9101 to /dev/lp1 and 9102 to /dev/lp2. The default is port 9100 to /dev/lp0.

Shutdown-at-night
System to shut down clients at night, and wake them in the morning
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With this tool you can schedule regular shutdowns of workstations in the evening, and also wake them up every morning, using either nvram-wakeup, ACPI wakeup or wake-on-lan.

For the wake-on-lan wake-up sequence you need one awake machine on your local network / subnet. This can be a server machine or a client machine that got just previously woken up by nvram-wakeup.

The shutdown sequence will be initiated hourly after 4pm via a CRON job. However, only machines that appear inactive / unused will be shut down. Machines that are currently in use will remain up and running.

The Shutdown-at-Night tool can be activated via a config file or via membership in a NIS netgroup called shutdown-at-night-hosts.

Sitesummary-client
Generate site summary of submitting hosts (client part)
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The sitesummary system makes it easier to keep track of a lot of machines, by allowing each machine to report their existence once a day to a central collector, and using this collector to make summary reports about the hosts.

This package is the client part, reporting in to the server after boot and once a day.

Sudo-ldap
Provide limited super user privileges to specific users
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Sudo is a program designed to allow a sysadmin to give limited root privileges to users and log root activity. The basic philosophy is to give as few privileges as possible but still allow people to get their work done.

This version is built with LDAP support, which allows an equivalent of the sudoers database to be distributed via LDAP. Authentication is still performed via pam.

Official Debian packages with lower relevance

Cifs-utils
Common Internet File System utilities
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The SMB/CIFS protocol provides support for cross-platform file sharing with Microsoft Windows, OS X, and other Unix systems.

This package provides utilities for managing mounts of CIFS network file systems.

Fail2ban
ban hosts that cause multiple authentication errors
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Fail2ban monitors log files (e.g. /var/log/auth.log, /var/log/apache/access.log) and temporarily or persistently bans failure-prone addresses by updating existing firewall rules. Fail2ban allows easy specification of different actions to be taken such as to ban an IP using iptables or hostsdeny rules, or simply to send a notification email.

By default, it comes with filter expressions for various services (sshd, apache, proftpd, sasl, etc.) but configuration can be easily extended for monitoring any other text file. All filters and actions are given in the config files, thus fail2ban can be adopted to be used with a variety of files and firewalls. Following recommends are listed:

  • iptables/nftables -- default installation uses iptables for banning. nftables is also supported. You most probably need it
  • whois -- used by a number of mail-whois actions to send notification emails with whois information about attacker hosts. Unless you will use those you don't need whois
  • python3-pyinotify -- unless you monitor services logs via systemd, you need pyinotify for efficient monitoring for log files changes
Screenshots of package fail2ban
Libnss-sss
Nss library for the System Security Services Daemon
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Provides a set of daemons to manage access to remote directories and authentication mechanisms. It provides an NSS and PAM interface toward the system and a pluggable backend system to connect to multiple different account sources. It is also the basis to provide client auditing and policy services for projects like FreeIPA.

This package provide the nss library to connect to the sssd daemon.

Libpam-ccreds
Pam module to cache authentication credentials
Maintainer: Guido Günther
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This package provides the means for Linux workstations to locally authenticate using an enterprise identity when the network is unavailable. Used in conjunction with the nss_updatedb utility, it provides a mechanism for disconnected use of network directories. They are designed to work with libpam-ldap and libnss-ldap.

Libpam-mount
PAM module that can mount volumes for a user session
Maintainer: Jochen Sprickerhof
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This module is aimed at environments with central file servers that a user wishes to mount on login and unmount on logout, such as (semi-)diskless stations where many users can login.

The module also supports mounting local filesystems of any kind the normal mount utility supports, with extra code to make sure certain volumes are set up properly because often they need more than just a mount call, such as encrypted volumes. This includes SMB/CIFS, FUSE, dm-crypt and LUKS.

Libpam-sss
Pam module for the System Security Services Daemon
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Provides a set of daemons to manage access to remote directories and authentication mechanisms. It provides an NSS and PAM interface toward the system and a pluggable backend system to connect to multiple different account sources. It is also the basis to provide client auditing and policy services for projects like FreeIPA.

This package provide the pam module to connect to the sssd daemon.

Nscd
GNU C 라이브러리: 네임 서비스 캐쉬 데몬
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실행중인 프로그램에 대한 passwd, group, host 조회를 처리하고 다음 쿼리에 대 한 결과를 캐쉬하는 데몬. LDAP, NIS, 또는 NIS+ 같은 느린 서비스를 사용한다면 이 패키지만 설치하면 됩니다.

The package is enhanced by the following packages: resolvconf
Ocsinventory-agent
Hardware and software inventory tool (client)
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Open Computer and Software Inventory Next Generation is an application designed to help a network or system administrator to keep track of the hardware and software configurations of computers that are installed on the network. It also allows deploying software, scripts and files on client computers.

This package contains the client part.

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