Debian Edu Project
Summary
Networked common
Debian Edu common packages for networked systems

A metapackage containing dependencies for packages required on all networked installations (workstation, roaming-workstation, minimal, LTSP-server and main-server) in the Debian Edu Blend.

Description

For a better overview of the project's availability as a Debian package, each head row has a color code according to this scheme:

If you discover a project which looks like a good candidate for Debian Edu to you, or if you have prepared an unofficial Debian package, please do not hesitate to send a description of that project to the Debian Edu mailing list

Links to other tasks

Debian Edu Networked common packages

Official Debian packages with high relevance

Autofs-ldap
LDAP map support for autofs
Maintainer: Mike Gabriel
Versions of package autofs-ldap
ReleaseVersionArchitectures
wheezy5.0.7-3amd64,armel,armhf,i386,ia64,mips,mipsel,powerpc,s390,s390x,sparc
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bullseye5.1.7-1amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
jessie5.0.8-2+deb8u1amd64,armel,armhf,i386
stretch5.1.2-1amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
buster5.1.2-4amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
Debtags of package autofs-ldap:
adminfilesystem
interfacedaemon
roleprogram
scopeutility
works-withdb
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Autofs controls the operation of the automount daemons. The automount daemons automatically mount filesystems when they are used and unmount them after a period of inactivity. This is done based on a set of pre-configured maps.

The kernel automounter implements an almost complete SunOS style automounter under Linux. A recent version of the kernel autofs4 module (builtin or separate) is required.

This is the LDAP module of the autofs.

Cups-browsed
фильтры OpenPrinting CUPS — cups-browsed
Versions of package cups-browsed
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Пакет устанавливает службу cups-browsed, которая ищет широковещательные сообщения Bonjour, которые присылают удаленные принтеры CUPS, что позволяет подключать их как локальные устройства печати, и заменяет службу CUPS broadcasting/browsing, работа над которой была остановлена во время CUPS 1.6.x. Таким образом удаленные принтеры становятся доступны автоматически благодаря протоколу Bonjour.

Cups-browsed также позволяет новым клиентам (CUPS> = 1.6) находить принтеры, работающие под управлением CUPS < 1.6, по старому протоколу cups из BrowseRemoteProtocols.

Cups-browsed также позволяет новым серверам (CUPS >= 1.6) быть доступными для клиентов CUPS < 1.6 используя старый протокол cups в BrowseRemoteProtocols.

Cups-core-drivers
Common UNIX Printing System(tm) - driverless printing
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The Common UNIX Printing System (or CUPS(tm)) is a printing system and general replacement for lpd and the like. It supports the Internet Printing Protocol (IPP), and has its own filtering driver model for handling various document types.

This package provides the parts of CUPS which are needed for driverless printing on IPP printers with common data formats.

Education-common
Debian Edu common basic packages
Versions of package education-common
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wheezy1.713+deb7u1amd64,armel,armhf,i386,ia64,kfreebsd-amd64,kfreebsd-i386,mips,mipsel,powerpc,s390,s390x,sparc
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A metapackage containing dependencies for packages required on all installations in the Debian Edu Blend.

Killer
принудительное завершение фоновых задач
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killer — сценарий Perl, позволяющий избавиться от фоновых задач, т.е. процессов, запущенных от имени пользователей, которые не залогинены на машине. При необходимости задачи могут быть запущены в фоне (и не подвержены действиям killer), если их приоритет будет понижен с помощью увеличения уровня nice(1) или если они запущены с помощью condor.

При установке данного пакета создаётся задача cron, запускающая killer раз в час.

Krb5-user
basic programs to authenticate using MIT Kerberos
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adminlogin, user-management
interfacecommandline
networkclient
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Kerberos is a system for authenticating users and services on a network. Kerberos is a trusted third-party service. That means that there is a third party (the Kerberos server) that is trusted by all the entities on the network (users and services, usually called "principals").

This is the MIT reference implementation of Kerberos V5.

This package contains the basic programs to authenticate to MIT Kerberos, change passwords, and talk to the admin server (to create and delete principals, list principals, etc.).

Ldap-utils
утилиты OpenLDAP
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В пакете содержатся утилиты из проекта OpenLDAP (облегчённый протокол доступа к каталогам). С их помощью можно обращаться к локальному и удалённому серверу LDAP; сюда входят все клиентские программы, необходимые для доступа к серверам LDAP.

Ldapvi
perform an LDAP search and update results using a text editor
Maintainer: Rhonda D'Vine
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From a first glance ldapvi looks like ldapsearch: You search for entries in the ldap database. But the results get opened in your preferred editor, and you can change, add or delete entries from there. After you are done you quit the editor and ldapvi offers you several options: View your changes as LDIF, commit changes or discard them.

Libnss-ldapd
NSS module for using LDAP as a naming service
Maintainer: Arthur de Jong
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roleplugin
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This package provides a Name Service Switch module that allows using an LDAP server to provide user account, group, host name, alias, netgroup, and basically any other information that would normally be retrieved from /etc flat files or NIS.

Libsasl2-modules-gssapi-mit
Cyrus SASL - pluggable authentication modules (GSSAPI)
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This is the Cyrus SASL API implementation, version 2.1. See package libsasl2-2 and RFC 2222 for more information.

This package provides the GSSAPI plugin, compiled with the MIT Kerberos 5 library.

Munin-node
network-wide graphing framework (node)
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Munin is a highly flexible and powerful solution used to create graphs of virtually everything imaginable throughout your network, while still maintaining a rattling ease of installation and configuration.

This package contains the daemon for the nodes being monitored. You should install it on all the nodes in your network. It will know how to extract all sorts of data from the node it runs on, and will wait for the gatherer to request this data for further processing.

Munin is written in Perl, and relies heavily on Tobi Oetiker's excellent RRDtool. To see a real example of Munin in action, you can follow a link from http://munin-monitoring.org/ to a live installation.

The package is enhanced by the following packages: unbound
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Nfs-common
общие файлы для клиента и сервера NFS
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Этот пакет необходим для работы с NFS, как в качестве клиента, так и в качестве сервера. В пакет включены такие утилиты: lockd, statd, showmount, nfsstat, gssd, idmapd и mount.nfs.

Ng-utils
Tool to access netgroups from the command line
Maintainer: Petter Reinholdtsen
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Includes tools to dump and look up hosts, users and domains from the netgroup database. The netgroup tool is used to list all members of a netgroup, while the innetgr tool is used to check if a given user/host is listed as a member of a netgroup.

Nslcd
daemon for NSS and PAM lookups using LDAP
Maintainer: Arthur de Jong
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This package provides a daemon for retrieving user accounts and similar system information from LDAP. It is used by the libnss-ldapd and libpam-ldapd packages but is not very useful by itself.

Nvram-wakeup
чтение/запись времени пробуждения в BIOS
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nvram-wakeup может читать и записывать время пробуждения в BIOS (через /dev/nvram в новых ядрах 2.4.x или через прямой доступ к портам ввода-вывода). В момент пробуждения компьютер будет включён из состояния мягкого выключения. nvram-wakeup устанавливает сценарий-перехватчик для программы записи видеодисков VDR. Этот сценарий позволяет VDR установить время пробуждения при выключении компьютера.

Openssh-server
серверная часть протокола SSH, для защищённого удалённого доступа
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OpenSSH — это свободная реализация протокола Secure Shell, определённого рабочей группой IETF.

SSH (Secure SHell) — это комплекс программ, позволяющих соединяться с удалёнными машинами по защищённому каналу и выполнять команды. Он создаёт шифрованное соединение между двумя ненадёжными с точки зрения безопасности хостами через незащищённую сеть. Кроме того, допустимо туннелирование трафика X11 и произвольных портов TCP/IP. Комплекс может использоваться для предоставления программам защищённого канала связи.

В данном пакете содержится серверная часть комплекса — sshd.

В некоторых странах использование шифрования без специального разрешения запрещено.

Служба sshd служит заменой устаревшей rshd.

P910nd
small printer daemon intended for diskless workstations
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p910nd is a small daemon that copies any data received on the port it is listening on to the corresponding printer port.

It is primarily intended for diskless Linux hosts running as printer drivers but there is no reason why it could not be used on diskful hosts.

Port 9100 is copied to /dev/lp0, 9101 to /dev/lp1 and 9102 to /dev/lp2. The default is port 9100 to /dev/lp0.

Shutdown-at-night
System to shut down clients at night, and wake them in the morning
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With this tool you can schedule regular shutdowns of workstations in the evening, and also wake them up every morning, using either nvram-wakeup, ACPI wakeup or wake-on-lan.

For the wake-on-lan wake-up sequence you need one awake machine on your local network / subnet. This can be a server machine or a client machine that got just previously woken up by nvram-wakeup.

The shutdown sequence will be initiated hourly after 4pm via a CRON job. However, only machines that appear inactive / unused will be shut down. Machines that are currently in use will remain up and running.

The Shutdown-at-Night tool can be activated via a config file or via membership in a NIS netgroup called shutdown-at-night-hosts.

Sitesummary-client
Generate site summary of submitting hosts (client part)
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The sitesummary system makes it easier to keep track of a lot of machines, by allowing each machine to report their existence once a day to a central collector, and using this collector to make summary reports about the hosts.

This package is the client part, reporting in to the server after boot and once a day.

Sudo-ldap
предоставление частичных привилегий суперпользователя другим пользователям
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Sudo – это программа, позволяющая системному администратору предоставлять пользователям ограниченные привилегии root и регистрировать действия, выполняемые с такими привилегиями. Основная цель – предоставление минимально достаточных прав для выполнения определённых задач.

Эта версия использует LDAP, что позволяет предоставлять эквивалент списка sudoers через LDAP. Сама идентификация по-прежнему выполняется через pam.

Official Debian packages with lower relevance

Cifs-utils
утилиты Common Internet File System
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Протокол SMB/CIFS — средство обмена файлами между компьютерами под управлением Microsoft Windows, OS X и систем Unix.

Этот пакет содержит утилиты для монтированич сетевых файловых систем CIFS.

Fail2ban
ban hosts that cause multiple authentication errors
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Fail2ban monitors log files (e.g. /var/log/auth.log, /var/log/apache/access.log) and temporarily or persistently bans failure-prone addresses by updating existing firewall rules. Fail2ban allows easy specification of different actions to be taken such as to ban an IP using iptables or hostsdeny rules, or simply to send a notification email.

By default, it comes with filter expressions for various services (sshd, apache, proftpd, sasl, etc.) but configuration can be easily extended for monitoring any other text file. All filters and actions are given in the config files, thus fail2ban can be adopted to be used with a variety of files and firewalls. Following recommends are listed:

  • iptables/nftables -- default installation uses iptables for banning. nftables is also supported. You most probably need it
  • whois -- used by a number of mail-whois actions to send notification emails with whois information about attacker hosts. Unless you will use those you don't need whois
  • python3-pyinotify -- unless you monitor services logs via systemd, you need pyinotify for efficient monitoring for log files changes
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Libnss-sss
Nss library for the System Security Services Daemon
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Provides a set of daemons to manage access to remote directories and authentication mechanisms. It provides an NSS and PAM interface toward the system and a pluggable backend system to connect to multiple different account sources. It is also the basis to provide client auditing and policy services for projects like FreeIPA.

This package provide the nss library to connect to the sssd daemon.

Libpam-ccreds
Pam module to cache authentication credentials
Maintainer: Guido Günther
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This package provides the means for Linux workstations to locally authenticate using an enterprise identity when the network is unavailable. Used in conjunction with the nss_updatedb utility, it provides a mechanism for disconnected use of network directories. They are designed to work with libpam-ldap and libnss-ldap.

Libpam-mount
PAM module that can mount volumes for a user session
Maintainer: Jochen Sprickerhof
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This module is aimed at environments with central file servers that a user wishes to mount on login and unmount on logout, such as (semi-)diskless stations where many users can login.

The module also supports mounting local filesystems of any kind the normal mount utility supports, with extra code to make sure certain volumes are set up properly because often they need more than just a mount call, such as encrypted volumes. This includes SMB/CIFS, FUSE, dm-crypt and LUKS.

Libpam-sss
Pam module for the System Security Services Daemon
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Provides a set of daemons to manage access to remote directories and authentication mechanisms. It provides an NSS and PAM interface toward the system and a pluggable backend system to connect to multiple different account sources. It is also the basis to provide client auditing and policy services for projects like FreeIPA.

This package provide the pam module to connect to the sssd daemon.

Nscd
GNU C Library: Name Service Cache Daemon
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suitegnu
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A daemon which handles passwd, group and host lookups for running programs and caches the results for the next query. You should install this package only if you use slow services like LDAP, NIS or NIS+.

The package is enhanced by the following packages: resolvconf
Ocsinventory-agent
Hardware and software inventory tool (client)
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Open Computer and Software Inventory Next Generation is an application designed to help a network or system administrator to keep track of the hardware and software configurations of computers that are installed on the network. It also allows deploying software, scripts and files on client computers.

This package contains the client part.

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