Debian Edu Project
Summary
Networked common
Debian Edu common packages for networked systems

A metapackage containing dependencies for packages required on all networked installations (workstation, roaming-workstation, minimal, LTSP-server and main-server) in the Debian Edu Blend.

Description

For a better overview of the project's availability as a Debian package, each head row has a color code according to this scheme:

If you discover a project which looks like a good candidate for Debian Edu to you, or if you have prepared an unofficial Debian package, please do not hesitate to send a description of that project to the Debian Edu mailing list

Links to other tasks

Debian Edu Networked common packages

Official Debian packages with high relevance

Autofs-ldap
LDAP map support for autofs
Maintainer: Mike Gabriel
Versions of package autofs-ldap
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wheezy5.0.7-3amd64,armel,armhf,i386,ia64,mips,mipsel,powerpc,s390,s390x,sparc
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bullseye5.1.7-1amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
jessie5.0.8-2+deb8u1amd64,armel,armhf,i386
stretch5.1.2-1amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
buster5.1.2-4amd64,arm64,armel,armhf,i386,mips,mips64el,mipsel,ppc64el,s390x
Debtags of package autofs-ldap:
adminfilesystem
interfacedaemon
roleprogram
scopeutility
works-withdb
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Autofs controls the operation of the automount daemons. The automount daemons automatically mount filesystems when they are used and unmount them after a period of inactivity. This is done based on a set of pre-configured maps.

The kernel automounter implements an almost complete SunOS style automounter under Linux. A recent version of the kernel autofs4 module (builtin or separate) is required.

This is the LDAP module of the autofs.

Cups-browsed
filtros CUPS do OpenPrinting - cups-browsed
Versions of package cups-browsed
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Este pacote fornece o cups-browsed, um daemon que navega nos broadcasts Bonjour de impressoras CUPS remotamente compartilhadas e torna as impressoras disponíveis localmente, substituindo o broadcasting/browsing do CUPS que foi abandonado no CUPS 1.6.x. Assim o velho comportamente de ter as imporessoras remotas automaticamente disponíveis é reimplementado com o Bonjour.

O cups-browsed também é útil com clientes CUPS >= 1.6 para permitir que estes clientes navegem pela lista de impressoras de servidores CUPS < 1.6 (usando o protocolo 'cups' antigo em BrowseRemoteProtocols).

Ele também é útil com um servidor CUPS >= 1.6 para permitir que clientes CUPS < 1.6 navegem na sua lista de impressoras (usando o protocolo 'cups' antigo em BrowseLocalProtocols).

Cups-core-drivers
Sistema de impressão UNIX comum - impressão sem driver
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O Sistema de Impressão Unix Comum (Common UNIX Printing System - CUPS (tm)) é um sistema de impressão e substituto genérico para o lpd e similares. Ele suporta o Protocolo de Impressão de Internet (Internet Printing Protocol - IPP) e possui seu próprio modelo de driver de filtro para gerenciar vários tipos de documentos.

Este pacote fornece as partes do CUPS que são necessárias para a impressão sem driver em impressoras IPP com formatos de dados comuns.

Education-common
Debian Edu common basic packages
Versions of package education-common
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jessie1.812+deb8u1amd64,armel,armhf,i386
wheezy1.713+deb7u1amd64,armel,armhf,i386,ia64,kfreebsd-amd64,kfreebsd-i386,mips,mipsel,powerpc,s390,s390x,sparc
Debtags of package education-common:
rolemetapackage
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A metapackage containing dependencies for packages required on all installations in the Debian Edu Blend.

Killer
matador de processos em segundo plano
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scopeutility
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O killer (matador) é um script perl que se livra de processos em segundo plano. Processos em segundo plano são definidos como processos que pertencem a usuários que não estão mais autenticados na máquina. Processos podem rodar em segundo plano (e são exceções para as ações do killer) se sua prioridade foi reduzida através do aumento do valor do nice(1) deles ou se eles rodarem através do condor.

Quando o pacote é instalado, um processo é instalado na cron para rodar o killer de hora em hora.

Krb5-user
basic programs to authenticate using MIT Kerberos
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Kerberos is a system for authenticating users and services on a network. Kerberos is a trusted third-party service. That means that there is a third party (the Kerberos server) that is trusted by all the entities on the network (users and services, usually called "principals").

This is the MIT reference implementation of Kerberos V5.

This package contains the basic programs to authenticate to MIT Kerberos, change passwords, and talk to the admin server (to create and delete principals, list principals, etc.).

Ldap-utils
utilitários OpenLDAP
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interfacecommandline
networkclient
roleprogram
scopeutility
works-withdb
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Este pacote fornece utilitários do pacote OpenLDAP (Lightweight Directory Access Protocol). Estes utilitários podem acessar um servidor LDAP local ou remoto e contém todos os programas clientes necessários para acessar servidores LDAP.

Ldapvi
perform an LDAP search and update results using a text editor
Maintainer: Rhonda D'Vine
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uitoolkitncurses
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From a first glance ldapvi looks like ldapsearch: You search for entries in the ldap database. But the results get opened in your preferred editor, and you can change, add or delete entries from there. After you are done you quit the editor and ldapvi offers you several options: View your changes as LDIF, commit changes or discard them.

Libnss-ldapd
NSS module for using LDAP as a naming service
Maintainer: Arthur de Jong
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roleplugin
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This package provides a Name Service Switch module that allows using an LDAP server to provide user account, group, host name, alias, netgroup, and basically any other information that would normally be retrieved from /etc flat files or NIS.

Libsasl2-modules-gssapi-mit
Cyrus SASL - módulo de autenticação plúgavel (GSSAPI)
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Esta é a implementação da Cyrus SASL API, versão 2.1. Veja o pacote libsasl2-2 e a RFC 2222 para mais informações.

Este pacote fornece a extensão GSSAPI, compilada com a biblioteca MIT Kerberos 5.

Munin-node
network-wide graphing framework (node)
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Munin is a highly flexible and powerful solution used to create graphs of virtually everything imaginable throughout your network, while still maintaining a rattling ease of installation and configuration.

This package contains the daemon for the nodes being monitored. You should install it on all the nodes in your network. It will know how to extract all sorts of data from the node it runs on, and will wait for the gatherer to request this data for further processing.

Munin is written in Perl, and relies heavily on Tobi Oetiker's excellent RRDtool. To see a real example of Munin in action, you can follow a link from http://munin-monitoring.org/ to a live installation.

The package is enhanced by the following packages: unbound
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Nfs-common
arquivos de suporte a NFS comuns ao cliente e ao servidor
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Use este pacote em qualquer máquina que use NFS, tanto clientes quanto servidores. Programas incluídos: lockd, statd, showmount, nfsstat, gssd, idmapd e mount.nfs.

Ng-utils
ferramenta para acessar netgroups a partir da linha de comando
Maintainer: Petter Reinholdtsen
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Inclui ferramentas para descarregar (dump) e buscar hosts, usuários e domínios na base de dados netgroup. A ferramenta netgroup é usada para listar todos os membros de uma netgroup, enquanto a ferramenta innetgr é usada para verificar se um dado usuário/host é um membro de uma netgroup.

Nslcd
daemon for NSS and PAM lookups using LDAP
Maintainer: Arthur de Jong
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This package provides a daemon for retrieving user accounts and similar system information from LDAP. It is used by the libnss-ldapd and libpam-ldapd packages but is not very useful by itself.

Nvram-wakeup
Read/write the WakeUp time from/to the BIOS
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nvram-wakeup can read and write the wake up time in the BIOS (via /dev/nvram on recent 2.4.x kernels or direct I/O port access). On this wake up time the computer will be powered on automatically from the soft-off state. For the video disc recorder VDR, nvram-wakeup installs a hook script, that allows VDR to set a wake up time, when it powers down.

Openssh-server
servidor secure shell (SSH), para acesso seguro a máquinas remotas
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Debtags of package openssh-server:
adminlogin
interfacedaemon
networkserver
roleprogram
securityauthentication, cryptography
uselogin, transmission
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Esta é a versão portável do OpenSSH, uma implementação livre do protocolo Secure Shell, como especificado pelo grupo de trabalho secsh da IETF.

Ssh (Secure Shell) é um programa para fazer login e executar comandos em máquinas remotas. Ele fornece comunicação segura criptografada entre dois dispositivos não-confiáveis em uma rede sem segurança. Conexões X11 e portas TCP/IP arbitrárias também podem ser redirecionadas através do canal seguro. Ele pode ser usado para fornecer a outras aplicações um canal de comunicação seguro.

Este pacote fornece o servidor sshd.

Em alguns países pode ser ilegal utilizar qualquer criptografia sem uma permissão especial.

O sshd substitui o programa inseguro rshd, que está obsoleto para a maioria dos propósitos.

P910nd
small printer daemon intended for diskless workstations
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p910nd is a small daemon that copies any data received on the port it is listening on to the corresponding printer port.

It is primarily intended for diskless Linux hosts running as printer drivers but there is no reason why it could not be used on diskful hosts.

Port 9100 is copied to /dev/lp0, 9101 to /dev/lp1 and 9102 to /dev/lp2. The default is port 9100 to /dev/lp0.

Shutdown-at-night
System to shut down clients at night, and wake them in the morning
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With this tool you can schedule regular shutdowns of workstations in the evening, and also wake them up every morning, using either nvram-wakeup, ACPI wakeup or wake-on-lan.

For the wake-on-lan wake-up sequence you need one awake machine on your local network / subnet. This can be a server machine or a client machine that got just previously woken up by nvram-wakeup.

The shutdown sequence will be initiated hourly after 4pm via a CRON job. However, only machines that appear inactive / unused will be shut down. Machines that are currently in use will remain up and running.

The Shutdown-at-Night tool can be activated via a config file or via membership in a NIS netgroup called shutdown-at-night-hosts.

Sitesummary-client
gera resumo do site de máquinas inscritas (parte cliente)
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O sistema sitesummary facilita o rastreio de um grupo grande de máquinas ao receber um relatório partindo das máquinas para um coletor central e usar este coletor para fazer resumos das máquinas.

Este pacote é a parte cliente, que manda um relatório para o servidor após a inicialização uma vez por dia.

Sudo-ldap
Provide limited super user privileges to specific users
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Sudo is a program designed to allow a sysadmin to give limited root privileges to users and log root activity. The basic philosophy is to give as few privileges as possible but still allow people to get their work done.

This version is built with LDAP support, which allows an equivalent of the sudoers database to be distributed via LDAP. Authentication is still performed via pam.

Official Debian packages with lower relevance

Cifs-utils
utilitários Common Internet File System
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O protocolo SMB/CIFS fornece suporte para compartilhamento de arquivos interplataforma com sistemas Microsoft Windows, OS X e outros Unix.

Este pacote fornece utilitários para gerenciar montagens de sistemas de arquivos de rede CIFS.

Fail2ban
proíbe o acesso de máquinas que causam diversos erros no momento da autenticação
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adminautomation, logging, monitoring
interfacecommandline, daemon
networkfirewall
roleprogram
securityauthentication, firewall, ids, log-analyzer
uselogin, monitor
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works-with-formatplaintext
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Fail2ban monitora os arquivos de log (ex.: /var/log/auth.log, /var/log/apache/access.log) e temporariamente ou persistentemente proíbe endereços propensos à falha atualizando as regras de firewall existentes. Fail2ban permite fácil especificação de diferentes ações a serem tomadas como proibir um IP usando iptables ou regras do hostsdeny, ou simplesmente enviar uma notificação por e-mail.

Por padrão vem com expressões de filtros para vários serviços (sshd, apache, proftpd, sasl, etc.), mas a configuração pode ser facilmente estendida para monitorar qualquer outro arquivo de texto. Todos os filtros e ações são fornecidos nos arquivos de configuração. Logo, o fail2ban pode ser adotado para ser usado com vários arquivos e firewalls. As seguintes recomendações estão listadas:

  • iptables/nftables -- instalação padrão usa iptables para banir. nftables também é suportado. Você provavelmente necessitará dele.
  • whois -- usado por um número de ações mail-whois para enviar notificações por e-mail com informações whois sobre as máquinas atacantes. A menos que você não use isto, você não necessitará do whois.
  • python3-pyinotify -- a menos que você monitore seus logs de serviços via systemd, você precisará do pyinotify para monitoramento eficiente de mudanças em arquivos de log.
Screenshots of package fail2ban
Libnss-sss
Nss library for the System Security Services Daemon
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Provides a set of daemons to manage access to remote directories and authentication mechanisms. It provides an NSS and PAM interface toward the system and a pluggable backend system to connect to multiple different account sources. It is also the basis to provide client auditing and policy services for projects like FreeIPA.

This package provide the nss library to connect to the sssd daemon.

Libpam-ccreds
Pam module to cache authentication credentials
Maintainer: Guido Günther
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This package provides the means for Linux workstations to locally authenticate using an enterprise identity when the network is unavailable. Used in conjunction with the nss_updatedb utility, it provides a mechanism for disconnected use of network directories. They are designed to work with libpam-ldap and libnss-ldap.

Libpam-mount
PAM module that can mount volumes for a user session
Maintainer: Jochen Sprickerhof
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This module is aimed at environments with central file servers that a user wishes to mount on login and unmount on logout, such as (semi-)diskless stations where many users can login.

The module also supports mounting local filesystems of any kind the normal mount utility supports, with extra code to make sure certain volumes are set up properly because often they need more than just a mount call, such as encrypted volumes. This includes SMB/CIFS, FUSE, dm-crypt and LUKS.

Libpam-sss
Pam module for the System Security Services Daemon
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Provides a set of daemons to manage access to remote directories and authentication mechanisms. It provides an NSS and PAM interface toward the system and a pluggable backend system to connect to multiple different account sources. It is also the basis to provide client auditing and policy services for projects like FreeIPA.

This package provide the pam module to connect to the sssd daemon.

Nscd
Biblioteca C GNU: Servidor de Cache de Serviço de Nomes.
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interfacedaemon
networkserver
roleprogram
suitegnu
useproxying
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Um daemon (Daemon de Cache de Serviço de Nomes) que manipula consultas de senha, grupos e máquinas para programas em execução e mantém cache dos resultados para a próxima consulta. Você deve instalar este pacote apenas se você usa serviços lentos como LDAP, NIS ou NIS+.

The package is enhanced by the following packages: resolvconf
Ocsinventory-agent
Hardware and software inventory tool (client)
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Open Computer and Software Inventory Next Generation is an application designed to help a network or system administrator to keep track of the hardware and software configurations of computers that are installed on the network. It also allows deploying software, scripts and files on client computers.

This package contains the client part.

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