Debian Science Project
Summary
Data acquisition
Debian Science - dataindhentelsespakker

Denne metapakke vil installere Debian Science-pakker relateret til dataindhentelse. Dette kan bruges indenfor flere videnskaber (som for eksempel science-viewing og science-typesetting).

Description

For a better overview of the project's availability as a Debian package, each head row has a color code according to this scheme:

If you discover a project which looks like a good candidate for Debian Science to you, or if you have prepared an unofficial Debian package, please do not hesitate to send a description of that project to the Debian Science mailing list

Links to other tasks

Debian Science Data acquisition packages

Official Debian packages with high relevance

Clickhouse-tools
Kolonneorienteret databasesystem - værktøjer
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ClickHuse er et kolonneorienteret system til databasehåndtering, der gør det muligt at oprette analytiske datarapporter i realtid.

Denne pakke indeholder diverse ClickHouse-værktøjet:

  • clickhouse-performance-test
  • clickhouse-benchmark
  • clickhouse-compressor
  • clickhouse-copier og nogle flere.
Csvkit
Kommandolinjeværktøjer til arbejde med CSV
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Csvkit er en programpakke med værktøjer for kommandolinjen til at konvertere til og arbejde med CSV, kongen blandt tabular-filformaterne.

Programmet er inspireret af pdftk, gdal og det oprindelige csvcut-værktøj af Joe Germuska og Aaron Bycoffe.

Hvis du har brug for at udføre mere kompleks dataanalyse, så kan csvkit håndtere, bruge agate.

Denne pakke indeholder værktøjerne for kommandolinjen.

Engauge-digitizer
Udtrækker interaktivt tal fra bitmap-grafer eller kort
Maintainer: Tobias Winchen
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Værktøjet Engauge Digitizer assisterer i interaktivt at udtrække tal fra billeder af grafer. Konceptmæssigt er det derfor det modsatte af et grafværktøj, som konverterer datapunkter til grafer. Det tilbyder assistance ved at forbedre billedkvaliteten og matche datapunkterne. Engauge Digitzer bruges af f.eks. studenter og videnskabsmænd samt ingeniører og ansatte i store regeringsorganer og kommercielle organisationer ikke kun til behandling af enkelte filer, men også til håndtering af databaser med tusindvis af billedfiler.

Funktioner:

  • Automatisk fjernelse af gitterlinjer
  • Automatisk punkt- og aksematchning
  • Automatisk kurvesporing
  • Billedbehandling for separering af vigtige detaljer fra baggrundsinformation
  • En guide der tilbyder et interaktivt øveprogram, som forklarer de grundlæggende trin
  • Flere koordinatsystemer i det samme billede kan digitaliseres i avanceret tilstand
  • Kubisk kurveinterpolation mellem punkter giver mere præcise kurver med færre punkter
  • Håndterer kartesianske, polare, lineære og logaritmiske grafer
  • Støtte til træk og slip og kopier og indsæt
  • Kontekstafhængig hjælp, brugermanual og øvelser forklarer alle funktioner
  • Vinduer med forhåndsvisninger giver øjeblikkelig tilbagemelding, mens du ændrer indstillinger
  • Automatiseret linje- og punktudtrækning for hurtigt at digitalisere data
Filo
FILe og stream-operationer
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De følgende værktøjer er tilgængelige som en del af pakken filo:

groupBy - efterligner »groupBy«-klausulen i databasesystemer.

shuffle - gør rækkefølgen for linjer i en fil vilkårlig.

stats - beregner beskrivende statistik på en given kolonne i en indrykningsafgrænset fil eller strøm.

Da deres navne er for generiske, bliver »shuffle« og »stats« flyttet i /usr/lib/filo.

Topics: Sequencing; Data management; Statistics
G3data
Udtræk data fra skannede grafer
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g3data bruges til udtrækning af data fra grafer. For eksempel udgives grafer ofte i videnskabelige tidsskrifter uden tabeller over de faktiske data; g3data gør processen med at udtrække disse data nem.

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Ghkl
Program til kontrol af diffraktionsberegning
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Biblioteket hkl er en ramme til diffraktionsberegning og kontrol af diffraktometer, der anvendes i stor stil ved SOLEIL-synkrotonen. Den understøtter forskellige typer af diffraktometer-geometri: Eulersk 4- cirkel, Eulersk 6-cirkel, kappa 4-cirkel, kappa 6-cirkel og z-akse geometri. For hver af disse tilbyder den adskillige numerisk beregnede tilstande, såsom vinkelhalveringslinjen og konstant psi.

Denne pakke tilbyder en grafisk brugerflade oven på biblioteket hkl.

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Jaaa
Oprettelse af lydsignaler og spektrumanalyser
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Jaaa (JACK- og ALSA-lydanalysator) har oprettelse af lydsignaler og spektrumanalyser, som er designet til at udføre præcise målinger.

Jaaa giver dig mulighed for at vælge en af fire indgange. »Min« og »Max«, minimum og maksimum for de viste frekvenser. Der kan være op til to markører, som hels nøjagtigt aflæses værdierne i displayet.

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Ktimetrace
Graphical tool to measure and graph data
Maintainer: Georges Khaznadar
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KTimeTrace is a graphical tool based on Qt that measures and displays data from data acquisition hardware. It captures samples from a data acquisition device, saving it to disk while providing a real-time graphing display.

KTimeTrace requires having a data acquisition device that is supported by Comedi in order to capture data. See the libcomedi0 package or http://stm.lbl.gov/comedi for more information about Comedi.

Libfreenect-dev
Bibliotek til at tilgå Kinect-enhed - udviklingsfiler
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Libfreenect er et bibliotek for flere platforme, som tilbyder de nødvendige grænseflader for at aktivere, initialisere og kommunikere data med Kinect-udstyr. I øjeblikket understøtter biblioteket adgang til RGB og dybe videostrømme, motorer, accelerometer og LED og tilbyder binding i forskellige sprog (C++, Python ...).

Dette bibliotek er komponenten på lavt niveau for OpenKinect-projektet, som er et fællesskab med interesse i at gøre brug af Xbox Kinect-udstyr på pc'er og andre enheder.

Dette er udviklingspakken indeholdende bibliotekerne og teksthovederne for programudvikling med libfreenect.

Libgetdata-tools
Bibliotek til at læse/skrive dirfile-data - ekstra værktøjer
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GetData-projektet er referenceimplementeringen for Dirfile-standarderne, et filsystembaseret, kolonneorienteret databaseformat for i tidsrækkefølge ordnede binære data. Dirfile-formatet er designet til at tilbyde et hurtigt, simpelt format for lagring og læsning af data.

Lxi-tools
LAN eXtensions for Instrumentation (LXI) - programgrænseflade
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Lxi-tools er en samling af programværktøjer udviklet i åben kildekode, som aktiverer kontrol over LXI-kompatible instrumenter såsom moderne oscilloskoper, strømforsyninger, spektrumanalyseprogrammer etc.

Narval-utils
An Ada framework for Distributed Acquisition Systems (utils)
Maintainer: Xavier Grave
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NARVAL is a framework that eases setting up of experimental data acquisition. It is written in Ada, supports user plugins written in C or C++. Using NARVAL, one can distribute many processes across a network to acquire, process, store data online. Processes are of four types: producer (injects data in NARVAL framework), consumer (end of the data flow), intermediate (act as NxM switches) and stand alone actor (no data flow handling, can be used for monitoring).

This package contains shell scripts to ease narval users life.

Netcdf-bin
Programmer for læsning og skrivning af NetCDF-filer
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Indeholder programmerne ncdump og ncgen, som konverterer NetCDF-filer til ASCII og tilbage igen. NetCDF (network Common Data Form) er en brugerflade for videnskabelig dataadgang og et frit distribueret programbibliotek, som tilbyder en implementering af brugerfladen. Biblioteket netCDF definerer også et maskinuafhængigt format til repræsentation af videnskabelige data. Tilsammen understøtter brugerfladen, biblioteket og formatet oprettelsen, adgangen og delingen af videnskabelige data.

Python3-pyvisa
Python 3-bindinger for Virtual Instrument Software Architecture
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VISA-standarden tilbyder en fælles grænseflade for kommunikation med test- og måleudstyr.

Denne pakke tilbyder Python 3-bindinger for VISA.

Qtdmm
GUI for digital multimeter
Maintainer: Steffen Moeller
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A digital multimeter (DMM) attached to the serial port is presented under a Qt surface. The tool plots values over time, has a simple scheduler for delayed starts and logging after a threshold was reached. It supports spawning external applications, too.

Segyio-bin
SEG-Y læs/skriv bibliotek for seismisk behandling - skalredskaber
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Segyio er et hurtigt og praktisk bibliotek til at læse og skrive seismiske data i SEG-Y-formatet. Segyio er vilkårlig adgangsorienteret for moderne computere med simpel læs/skriv primitiver på linjer.

Denne pakke indeholder nyttige skalprogrammer.

Xlsx2csv
Konverter xslx-filer til csv-format
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Xlsx-filer er zip-arkiver hvor regnearksdata lagres. For at behandle en fil, skal de forskellige bit i arkivet lokaliseres. Dette redskab bruger Expat SAX-fortolkeren til at indsamle strengene i en simpel mappe, indført via deres relative position i XML-filen. Dette gør det muligt at behandle filer i alle størrelser.

Xyscan
Datatyv for videnskabsmænd
Maintainer: Georges Khaznadar
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Xyscan er et værktøj for videnskabsmændene med behov for at udtrække datapunkter, d.v.s. numeriske værdier, fra et plot. Det giver mulighed for at skanne plot og udtrække datapunkter inklusive størrelsen for fejlbjælker (både i x og y). Værktøjet kan håndtere plot med lineær og logaritmiske skalaer. Faktisk kan xyscan bruges til at udtrække numeriske værdier fra enhver slags 2D-tekniske tegninger.

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Official Debian packages with lower relevance

Binoculars
Overfladerøntgendiffraktion 2D-detektordatareduktion
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BINoculars er et værktøj til datareduktion og analyse af store sæt af overfladediffraktionsdata, som er blevet indhentet med en todimensional røntgendetektor. Intensiteten for hvert billedpunkt på en todimensional detektor vises på en tredimensional gitter i gensidige-gitter koordinater ved hjælp af en binning-algoritme. Dette giver mulighed for hurtig erhvervelse og behandling af data med høj opløsning og resulterer i en væsentlig reduktion af dataens størrelse. Den efterfølgende analyse fortsætter derefter i et gensidigt rum. Programmet har udviklet sig fra de specifikke behov i ID03-strålen på ESRF, men det har et modulært design og kan let justeres og forlænges til arbejde med data fra andre stråler eller fra andre målingsteknikker.

Comedi-source
Comedi kernel module source
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Comedi (Control and Measurement Device Interface) is a collection of device drivers for data acquisition devices. This includes most devices that have analog-to-digital (A/D) converters, digital-to-analog (D/A) converters, raw digital I/O, digital counters, and timers. Well-known manufacturers include National Instruments, Data Translation, and Measurement Computing. A list of supported devices can be found in /usr/share/doc/comedi-source/. These drivers are not included in the Linux kernel source, so if you want to use these devices with Debian, you should install this package and compile the modules.

The packages libcomedi0 and libcomedi-dev contain documentation about Comedi and Comedilib.

In order to compile these modules, you will need either the kernel sources or the Debian kernel-headers and kernel-image packages. For compile instructions, look at /usr/share/doc/comedi-source/README.Debian or the documentation for the module-assistant utility.

Gnudatalanguage
Fri IDL-kompatibel trinvis kompiler
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GNU Data Language (DGL) er en fri IDL-kompatibel (Interactive Data Language) trinvis kompiler. Den har fuld syntakskompatibilitet med IDL 7.1. IDL er et registreret varemærke for ITT Visual Information Solutions. Fra IDL 8.0 er de følgende sprogelementer understøttet:

  • FOREACH-loop
  • negative tabelindekser
  • affaldssamlingspegere og objekter
  • kald-metoder på et objekt via ».« (f.eks. »object.aMemberProcedure,arg1«)

Filinddatasystemet er fuldt implementeret. GUI-understøttelse (kontroller) er officielt tilbudt, men ikke helt færdig endnu.

Denne pakke indeholder hovedbrugerfladen for kommandolinjen og fortolkeren.

Please cite: A. Coulais, M. Schellens, J. Gales, S. Arabas, M. Boquien, P. Chanial, P. Messmer, D. Fillmore, O. Poplawski, S. Maret, G. Marchal, N. Galmiche and T. Mermet: Status of GDL - GNU Data Language. (eprint) Astronomical Data Analysis Software and Systems XIX 434:187 (2010)
Screenshots of package gnudatalanguage
Gpsd
Globalt positioneringssystem - dæmon
Maintainer: Bernd Zeimetz
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Dæmonen for gpsd-tjenesten kan overvåge én eller flere GPS-enheder som er tilsluttet til en værtsmaskine, hvilket gør alle data om sensorens placering og bevægelser er tilgængelig for forespørgsler på TPC-port 2947.

Med gpsd kan flere GPS-klienter dele adgang til enheder uden blokering eller datatab. I tillæg besvarer gpsd forespørgsler i et format, der er markant enklere at fortolke, end de forskellige standarder der udsendes af GPS- enheder.

Python3-pytango
Tom overgangspakke for python3-tango
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Dette er en overgangspakke til nemmere opgradering af pakken python3-tango. Den kan fjernes igen.

Python3-taurus
Framework for scientific/industrial CLIs and GUIs - Python3
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Taurus is a Python framework for control and data acquisition CLIs and GUIs in scientific/industrial environments. It supports multiple control systems or data sources: Tango, EPICS, ... New control system libraries can be integrated through plugins.

This is the Python 3 version of the package.

Rt-tests
Testprogrammer for rt-kerner
Maintainer: Uwe Kleine-König
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Rt-tests indeholder et sæt af programmer, som tester og måler diverse komponenter af realtids kerneopførsel, såsom svartider for stopur, signalsvartider og hvordan prioritet-arv mutexer fungerer. Derudover er hackbench indeholdt, et program til at oprette arbejde for planlæggeren.

Rtai
Real Time Application Interface
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RTAI is a realtime extension with a broad variety of services which make realtime programmers' lifes easier. Some of them are

 choose between FIFO and RR scheduling policies on a per task basis.
 extended POSIX APIs and message queues, in kernel and user space
 semaphores can be typed as: counting, binary and resource
 a mailbox implementation
 LXRT for hard real time in user space

This is a metapackage that depends on the latest versions of the individual RTAI packages.

Tango-accesscontrol
TANGO distribueret kontrolsystem - adgangskontrolserver
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TANGO er et objektorienteret distribueret kontrolsystem. Det giver mulighed for kommunikation mellem TANGO-enhedsprocesser på den samme computer eller distribueret over netværket. Disse processer kan tilbyde tjenester til kontrolsystemet over hele netværket, såsom udstyrskontrol eller databehandling.

Denne pakke tilbyder en TANGO-adgangskontrolserver. Den kan bruges til at håndtere brugere og IP-adresser, som har tilladelse til at tilgå TANGO-enheder.

Tango-db
TANGO distribueret kontrolsystem - databaseserver
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TANGO er et objektorienteret distribueret kontrolsystem. Det giver mulighed for kommunikation mellem TANGO-enhedsprocesser på den samme computer eller distribueret over netværket. Disse processer kan tilbyde tjenester til kontrolsystemet over hele netværket, såsom udstyrskontrol eller databehandling.

Denne pakke tilbyder en TANGO-databaseserver, der bruger MySQL/MariaDB.

Tango-starter
TANGO distribueret kontrolsystem - starterserver
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TANGO er et objektorienteret distribueret kontrolsystem. Det giver mulighed for kommunikation mellem TANGO-enhedsprocesser på den samme computer eller distribueret over netværket. Disse processer kan tilbyde tjenester til kontrolsystemet over hele netværket, såsom udstyrskontrol eller databehandling.

Denne pakke tilbyder en TANGO-enhedskontrolserver. Den kan starte, stoppe eller rapportere status for andre TANGO-komponenter.

Xenomai-runtime
Xenomai runtime utilities
Maintainer: Roland Stigge
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Xenomai is a real-time development framework cooperating with the Linux kernel in order to provide a pervasive, interface-agnostic, hard real-time support to user-space applications, seamlessly integrated into the GNU/Linux environment. Xenomai provides its own API and emulation layers ("skins") to make migration from other RTOS easier. Examples are: pSOS+, VxWorks, VRTX, uiTRON, RTAI, POSIX.

This package contains the runtime programs and the testsuite for the Xenomai realtime system.

Unofficial packages built by somebody else

Epics
Experimental Physics and Industrial Control System
Responsible: Carlo Segre
License: EPICS base license (BSD like)

EPICS is a set of Open Source software tools, libraries and applications developed collaboratively and used worldwide to create distributed soft real-time control systems for scientific instruments such as a particle accelerators, telescopes and other large scientific experiments.

Linux-image-2.6-rt
Stock Linux kernel with RT-Preempt patch
Responsible:
License: GPL

The RT-Preempt (http://rt.wiki.kernel.org) project provides patches to make Linux kernel capable of fulfilling hard realtime requirements. The aim is to eliminate all preemptivity and reactivity problems in the kernel over the time by adding deterministic preemption points. The -rt patches are constantly being worked on for mainline by the community.

Pengutronix's Realtime Linux for Debian project provides builds of the stock Linux kernel with the RT-Preempt patch (but without Debian patches).

Remark of Debian Science team: The upstream kernel sources are not considered DFSG-free, so

the packages are available from the non-free area only.

Mx-dataacquisition
data acquisition and control system
Responsible: Carlo Segre
License: MIT

MX is a data acquisition and control system that is designed to serve several functions:

  • As a portable toolkit for writing data acquisition and control programs.
  • As a standalone system capable of controlling entire experiments.
  • As a platform for building device control servers to be used by other applications.
  • As a way of extending other control systems and of glueing disparate control systems together.

No known packages available but some record of interest (WNPP bug)

Opendap - wnpp
Java Network Data Access Protocol
Responsible: Mathieu Malaterre
License: LGPL
Debian package not available
Language: Java

OPeNDAP is a framework that simplifies all aspects of scientific data networking.

OPeNDAP provides software which makes local data accessible to remote locations regardless of local storage format.

OPeNDAP also provides tools for transforming existing applications into OPeNDAP clients (i.e., enabling them to remotely access OPeNDAP served data).

No known packages available

Hart
toolbox to generate DAQ Scicos-blocks for hardware
License: GPL
Debian package not available
Language: C
 The HART (Hardware Access in Real-Time) Toolbox can be used to
 generate Scicos-blocks for hardware that have a C/C++ interface. The
 blocks can be used under Linux for soft and hard real time tasks
 (RTAI). Blocks are provided for DAQ (COMEDI)
Plot-digitizer
digitize scanned plots of functional data
Responsible: Stuart Prescott
License: GPL
Debian package not available

An easy to use Java program that allows you to digitize data points off of scanned plots, scaled drawings, or orthographic photographs. Includes an automatic digitization feature that can automatically digitize many types of functional data.

*Popularitycontest results: number of people who use this package regularly (number of people who upgraded this package recently) out of 203233